system.file {base}R Documentation

Find Names of R System Files


Finds the full file names of files in packages etc.


system.file(..., package = "base", lib.loc = NULL,
            mustWork = FALSE)



character vectors, specifying subdirectory and file(s) within some package. The default, none, returns the root of the package. Wildcards are not supported.


a character string with the name of a single package. An error occurs if more than one package name is given.


a character vector with path names of R libraries. See ‘Details’ for the meaning of the default value of NULL.


logical. If TRUE, an error is given if there are no matching files.


This checks the existence of the specified files with file.exists. So file paths are only returned if there are sufficient permissions to establish their existence.

The unnamed arguments in ... are usually character strings, but if character vectors they are recycled to the same length.

This uses find.package to find the package, and hence with the default lib.loc = NULL looks first for attached packages then in each library listed in .libPaths(). Note that if a namespace is loaded but the package is not attached, this will look only on .libPaths().


A character vector of positive length, containing the file paths that matched ..., or the empty string, "", if none matched (unless mustWork = TRUE).

If matching the root of a package, there is no trailing separator.

system.file() with no arguments gives the root of the base package.

See Also

R.home for the root directory of the R installation, list.files.

Sys.glob to find paths via wildcards.


system.file()                  # The root of the 'base' package
system.file(package = "stats") # The root of package 'stats'
system.file("help", "AnIndex", package = "splines")

[Package base version 4.4.1 Index]