z.z1 {ecodist} R Documentation

## Example for pmgram

### Description

An object of class mgram for use in the example for pmgram. Many of the functions in ecodist take a long time to run, so prepared examples have been included.

### Usage

data(z.z1)

### Format

See pmgram for current format specification.

### Author(s)

Sarah Goslee

pmgram, z.no,

### Examples

#### Partial pmgram example

# generate a simple surface
# with complex nonlinear spatial pattern

x <- matrix(1:25, nrow=25, ncol=25, byrow=FALSE)
y <- matrix(1:25, nrow=25, ncol=25, byrow=TRUE)

# create z1 and z2 as functions of x, y
# and scale them to [0, 1]
z1 <- x + 3*y
z2 <- y - cos(x)

z1 <- (z1 - min(z1)) / (max(z1) - min(z1))
z2 <- (z2 - min(z2)) / (max(z2) - min(z2))

z12 <- (z1 + z2*2)/3

# look at patterns

layout(matrix(c(
1, 1, 2, 2,
1, 1, 2, 2,
3, 3, 4, 4,
3, 3, 5, 5), nrow=4, byrow=TRUE))

image(z1, col=gray(seq(0, 1, length=20)), zlim=c(0,1))
image(z2, col=gray(seq(0, 1, length=20)), zlim=c(0,1))
image(z12, col=gray(seq(0, 1, length=20)), zlim=c(0,1))

# analyze the pattern of z across space
z1 <- as.vector(z1)
z2 <- as.vector(z2)
z12 <- as.vector(z12)
z1.d <- dist(z1)
z2.d <- dist(z2)
z12.d <- dist(z12)

space <- cbind(as.vector(x), as.vector(y))
space.d <- dist(space)

# take partial correlogram without effects of z1
### pgram() is time-consuming, so this was generated
### set.seed(1234)
### z.no <- pmgram(z12.d, space.d, nperm=1000, resids=FALSE)
### save(z.no, file="ecodist/data/z.no.rda")
plot(z.no)

# take partial correlogram of z12 given z1
### pgram() is time-consuming, so this was generated