dynr.trajectory {dynr} R Documentation

## A Function to perform numerical integration of the chosen ODE system, for a user-specified set of initial conditions. Plots the resulting solution(s) in the phase plane. This function from the phaseR package written by Michael J. Grayling.

### Description

A Function to perform numerical integration of the chosen ODE system, for a user-specified set of initial conditions. Plots the resulting solution(s) in the phase plane. This function from the phaseR package written by Michael J. Grayling.

### Usage

dynr.trajectory(deriv, y0 = NULL, n = NULL, tlim, tstep = 0.01,
parameters = NULL, system = "two.dim", col = "black", add = TRUE,
state.names = c("x", "y"), ...)


### Arguments

 deriv A function computing the derivative at a point for the specified ODE system. See the phaseR package guide for more examples. y0 The initial condition(s) (ICs). In one-dimensional system, this can either be a single number indicating a single IC or a vector indicating multiple ICs. In two-dimensional system, this can either be a vector of length two reflecting the location of the two dependent variables initially, or it can be matrix where each row reflects a different set of ICs. Alternatively this can be left blank and the user can use locator to specify initial condition(s) on a plot. In this case, for one dimensional systems, all initial conditions are taken at tlim, even if not selected so on the graph. Defaults to NULL. n If y0 is left NULL so initial conditions can be specified using locator, n sets the number of initial conditions to be chosen. Defaults to NULL. tlim Sets the limits of the independent variable for which the solution should be plotted. Should be a vector of length two. If tlim > tlim, then tstep should be negative to indicate a backwards trajectory. tstep The step length of the independent variable, used in numerical integration. Defaults to 0.01. parameters Parameters of the ODE system, to be passed to deriv. Supplied as a vector; the order of the parameters can be found from the deriv file. Defaults to NULL. system Set to either "one.dim" or "two.dim" to indicate the type of system being analysed. Defaults to "two.dim". col The color(s) to plot the trajectories in. Will be reset accordingly if it is a vector not of the length of the number of initial conditions. Defaults to "black". add Logical. Defaults to TRUE. TRUE = the trajectories added to an existing plot; FALSE = a new plot is created. state.names State names for the ODE functions that do not use positional states ... Additional arguments to be passed to either plot or arrows.

### Value

Returns a list with the following components: add, col, deriv, n, parameters, system, tlim, tstep, t, x, y, ylab, y0. Most of these components correspond simply to their original input values.

The only new elements are: t = A vector containing the values of the independent variable at each integration step.

x = In the two dimensional system case, a matrix whose columns are the numerically computed values of the first dependent variable for each set of ICs.

y = In the two dimensional system case, a matrix whose columns are the numerically computed values of the second dependent variable for each initial condition. In the one dimensional system case, a matrix whose columns are the numerically computed values of the dependent variable for each initial condition.

y0 = As per input, but converted to a matrix if supplied as a vector initially.

### Note

The phaseR package was taken off cran as off 10/1/2019 so we are exporting some selected functions from phaseR_2.0 published on 8/20/2018. For details of these functions please see original documentations on the phaseR package.

### References

Grayling, Michael J. (2014). phaseR: An R Package for Phase Plane Analysis of Autonomous ODE Systems. The R Journal, 6(2), 43-51. DOI: 10.32614/RJ-2014-023. Available at https://doi.org/10.32614/RJ-2014-023

### Examples

#Osc <- function(t, y, parameters) {
#  dy <- numeric(2)
#  dy <- y
#  dy <- parameters*y+parameters*dy
#  return(list(dy))
#}
#
#param <- coef(g)
#dynr.flowField(Osc, xlim = c(-3, 3),
#                  ylim = c(-3, 3),
#                  xlab="x", ylab="dx/dt",
#                  main=paste0("Oscillator model"),
#                  cex.main=2,
#                  parameters = param,
#                  points = 15, add = FALSE,
# col="blue",
# arrow.type="proportional",