bf_compare {dsos} R Documentation

## Bayesian and Frequentist Test from Outlier Scores

### Description

Test for no adverse shift with outlier scores. Like goodness-of-fit testing, this two-sample comparison takes the training (outlier) scores, os_train, as the reference. The method checks whether the test scores, os_test, are worse off relative to the training set.

### Usage

bf_compare(os_train, os_test, threshold = 1/12, n_pt = 4000)


### Arguments

 os_train Outlier scores in training (reference) set. os_test Outlier scores in test set. threshold Threshold for adverse shift. Defaults to 1 / 12, the asymptotic value of the test statistic when the two samples are drawn from the same distribution. n_pt The number of permutations.

### Details

This compares the Bayesian to the frequentist approach for convenience. The Bayesian test mimics 'bf_from_os()' and the frequentist one, 'pt_from_os()'. The Bayesian test computes Bayes factors based on the asymptotic (defaults to 1/12) and the exchangeable threshold. The latter calculates the threshold as the median weighted AUC (WAUC) after n_pt permutations assuming outlier scores are exchangeable. This is recommended for small samples. The frequentist test converts the one-sided (one-tailed) p-value to the Bayes factor - see as_bf function.

### Value

A list of factors (BF) for 3 different test specifications:

• frequentist: Frequentist BF.

• bayes_noperm: Bayestion BF test with asymptotic threshold.

• bayes_perm: Bayestion BF with exchangeable threshold.

### Notes

The outlier scores should all mimic out-of-sample behaviour. Mind that the training scores are not in-sample and thus, biased (overfitted) while the test scores are out-of-sample. The mismatch – in-sample versus out-of-sample scores – voids the test validity. A simple fix for this is to get the training scores from an indepedent (fresh) validation set; this follows the train/validation/test sample splitting convention and the validation set is effectively the reference set or distribution in this case.

[bf_from_os()] for bayes factor, the Bayesian test. [pt_from_os()] for p-value, the frequentist test.

Other bayesian-test: as_bf(), as_pvalue(), bf_from_os()

### Examples


library(dsos)
set.seed(12345)
os_train <- rnorm(n = 100)
os_test <- rnorm(n = 100)
bayes_test <- bf_compare(os_train, os_test)
bayes_test
# To run in parallel on local cluster, uncomment the next two lines.
# library(future)
# future::plan(future::multisession)
parallel_test <- bf_compare(os_train, os_test)
parallel_test



[Package dsos version 0.1.2 Index]