at_oob {dsos}R Documentation

Asymptotic Test With Out-Of-Bag Scores


Test for no adverse shift with outlier scores. Like goodness-of-fit testing, this two-sample comparison takes the training set, x_train as the as the reference. The method checks whether the test set, x_test, is worse off relative to this reference set. The function scorer assigns an outlier score to each instance/observation in both training and test set.


at_oob(x_train, x_test, scorer)



Training (reference/validation) sample.


Test sample.


Function which returns a named list with outlier scores from the training and test sample. The first argument to scorer must be x_train; the second, x_test. The returned named list contains two elements: train and test, each of which is a vector of (outlier) scores. See notes for more information.


Li and Fine (2010) derives the asymptotic null distribution for the weighted AUC (WAUC), the test statistic. This approach does not use permutations and can, as a result, be much faster because it sidesteps the need to refit the scoring function scorer. This works well for large samples. The prefix at stands for asymptotic test to tell it apart from the prefix pt, the permutation test.


A named list of class outlier.test containing:


The scoring function, scorer, predicts out-of-bag scores to mimic out-of-sample behaviour. The suffix oob stands for out-of-bag to highlight this point. This out-of-bag variant avoids refitting the underlying algorithm from scorer at every permutation. It can, as a result, be computationally appealing.


Kamulete, V. M. (2022). Test for non-negligible adverse shifts. In The 38th Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence. PMLR.

Gandy, A. (2009). Sequential implementation of Monte Carlo tests with uniformly bounded resampling risk. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 104(488), 1504-1511.

See Also

[pt_oob()] for (faster) p-value approximation via out-of-bag predictions. [pt_refit()] for (slower) p-value approximation via refitting.

Other asymptotic-test: at_from_os()


setosa <- iris[1:50, 1:4] # Training sample: Species == 'setosa'
versicolor <- iris[51:100, 1:4] # Test sample: Species == 'versicolor'

# Using fake scoring function
scorer <- function(tr, te) list(train=runif(nrow(tr)), test=runif(nrow(te)))
oob_test <- at_oob(setosa, versicolor, scorer = scorer)

[Package dsos version 0.1.2 Index]