caps {dplR}R Documentation

Cook and Peters Smoothing Spline with User-Specified Rigidity and Frequency Cutoff


Applies a smoothing spline to y with rigidity determined by two parameters: frequency response f at a wavelength of nyrs years.


caps(y, nyrs = length(y)/2, f = 0.5)



a numeric vector, typically a tree-ring series.


a number greater than 1, affecting the rigidity of the spline. When f is kept constant, a larger nyrs produces a more rigid spline. Defaults to length(y)/2.


a number between 0 and 1 giving the frequency response at a wavelength of nyrs years. When nyrs is kept constant, a smaller f produces a more rigid spline: At one extreme, f = 0 causes the function to return the least-squares straight line fit to the data. At the other extreme, as f approaches 1 the result approaches the natural spline, i.e. the function outputs y. The default value is 0.5 and shouldn't be changed without a good reason.


This applies the classic smoothing spline from Cook and Peters (1981). The rigidity of the spline has a frequency response of 50% at a wavelength of nyrs. The references, of course, have more information.

This funciton was introduced to dplR in version 1.7.3 and essentially replaces ffcsaps for most uses. Where ffcsaps is written entirely in R, caps is a wrapper for a Fortran subroutine from Ed Cook's ARSTAN program that is thousands of times faster.

Note: like ffcsaps, caps returns NA if there are any NA values in y. See examples.


A filtered vector.


Fotran code provided by Ed Cook and adapted for dplR by Andy Bunn.


Cook, E. R. and Kairiukstis, L. A., editors (1990) Methods of Dendrochronology: Applications in the Environmental Sciences. Springer. ISBN-13: 978-0-7923-0586-6.

Cook, E. R. and Peters, K. (1981) The Smoothing Spline: A New Approach to Standardizing Forest Interior Tree-Ring Width Series for Dendroclimatic Studies. Tree-Ring Bulletin, 41, 45-53.

See Also

ffcsaps, ads



## Use first series from the Mesa Verde data set
series <- co021[, 1]
series <- series[!]
plot(series, type = "l", ylab = "Ring Width (mm)", col = "grey")
lines(caps(series, nyrs = 10), col = "red", lwd = 2)
lines(caps(series, nyrs = 100), col = "green", lwd = 2)
## nyrs defaults to 0.5*length(series) = 347
lines(caps(series), col = "blue", lwd = 2)
       c("Series", "nyrs=10", "nyrs=100",
         paste("Default nyrs (", length(series) / 2, ")", sep="")),
       fill=c("grey", "red", "green", "blue"))

## Compare to ffcsaps

## Note behavior when NA is encountered and
## take appropriate measures as demonstrated above
y <- c(NA,NA,rnorm(100))

[Package dplR version 1.7.6 Index]