ci_mean_diff {confintr}R Documentation

Confidence Interval for the Population Mean Difference

Description

This function calculates confidence intervals for the population value of mean(x) - mean(y). The default is Student's method with Welch's correction for unequal variances, but also bootstrap confidence intervals are available.

Usage

ci_mean_diff(
  x,
  y,
  probs = c(0.025, 0.975),
  var.equal = FALSE,
  type = c("t", "bootstrap"),
  boot_type = c("stud", "bca", "perc", "norm", "basic"),
  R = 9999,
  seed = NULL,
  ...
)

Arguments

x

A numeric vector.

y

A numeric vector.

probs

Error probabilites. The default c(0.025, 0.975) gives a symmetric 95% confidence interval.

var.equal

Should the two variances be treated as being equal? The default is FALSE. If TRUE, the pooled variance is used to estimate the variance of the mean difference. Otherweise, Welch's approach is used. This also applies to the "stud" boostrap.

type

Type of confidence interval. One of "t" (default), or "bootstrap".

boot_type

Type of bootstrap confidence interval ("stud", "bca", "perc", "norm", "basic"). Only used for type = "bootstrap".

R

The number of bootstrap resamples. Only used for type = "bootstrap".

seed

An integer random seed. Only used for type = "bootstrap".

...

Further arguments passed to boot::boot.

Details

Bootstrap confidence intervals are calculated by the package "boot". The default bootstrap type for the mean difference is "stud" (bootstrap t) as it enjoys the property of being second order accurate and has a stable variance estimator (see Efron, p. 188). The resampling is done within sample. If boot_type = "stud", the standard error is estimated by Welch's method if var.equal = FALSE (the default) and by pooling otherwise. Thus, var.equal has not only an effect for the classic Student approach (type = "t") but also for boot_type = "stud".

Value

A list with class cint containing these components:

References

  1. Efron, B. and Tibshirani R. J. (1994). An Introduction to the Bootstrap. Chapman & Hall/CRC.

  2. Canty, A and Ripley B. (2019). boot: Bootstrap R (S-Plus) Functions.

Examples

x <- 10:30
y <- 1:30
ci_mean_diff(x, y)
t.test(x, y)$conf.int
ci_mean_diff(x, y, type = "bootstrap", R = 999)

[Package confintr version 0.1.1 Index]