ansi-styles {cli}R Documentation

ANSI colored text

Description

cli has a number of functions to color and style text at the command line. They provide a mode modern interface than the crayon package.

Usage

bg_black(...)

bg_blue(...)

bg_cyan(...)

bg_green(...)

bg_magenta(...)

bg_red(...)

bg_white(...)

bg_yellow(...)

bg_none(...)

col_black(...)

col_blue(...)

col_cyan(...)

col_green(...)

col_magenta(...)

col_red(...)

col_white(...)

col_yellow(...)

col_grey(...)

col_silver(...)

col_none(...)

style_dim(...)

style_blurred(...)

style_bold(...)

style_hidden(...)

style_inverse(...)

style_italic(...)

style_reset(...)

style_strikethrough(...)

style_underline(...)

style_no_bold(...)

style_no_blurred(...)

style_no_dim(...)

style_no_italic(...)

style_no_underline(...)

style_no_inverse(...)

style_no_hidden(...)

style_no_strikethrough(...)

style_no_color(...)

style_no_bg_color(...)

Arguments

...

Character strings, they will be pasted together with paste0(), before applying the style function.

Details

The col_* functions change the (foreground) color to the text. These are the eight original ANSI colors. Note that in some terminals, they might actually look differently, as terminals have their own settings for how to show them. col_none() is the default color, this is useful in a substring of a colored string.

The bg_* functions change the background color of the text. These are the eight original ANSI background colors. These, too, can vary in appearence, depending on terminal settings. bg_none() the the default background color, this is useful in a substring of a background-colored string.

The style_* functions apply other styling to the text. The currently supported styling funtions are:

The style functions take any number of character vectors as arguments, and they concatenate them using paste0() before adding the style.

Styles can also be nested, and then inner style takes precedence, see examples below.

Sometimes you want to revert back to the default text color, in the middle of colored text, or you want to have a normal font in the middle of italic text. You can use the style_no_* functions for this. Every style_*() function has a style_no_*() pair, which defends its argument from taking on the style. See examples below.

Value

An ANSI string (class ansi_string), that contains ANSI sequences, if the current platform supports them. You can simply use cat() to print them to the terminal.

See Also

Other ANSI styling: combine_ansi_styles(), make_ansi_style(), num_ansi_colors()

Examples

col_blue("Hello ", "world!")
cat(col_blue("Hello ", "world!"))

cat("... to highlight the", col_red("search term"),
    "in a block of text\n")

## Style stack properly
cat(col_green(
 "I am a green line ",
 col_blue(style_underline(style_bold("with a blue substring"))),
 " that becomes green again!"
))

error <- combine_ansi_styles("red", "bold")
warn <- combine_ansi_styles("magenta", "underline")
note <- col_cyan
cat(error("Error: subscript out of bounds!\n"))
cat(warn("Warning: shorter argument was recycled.\n"))
cat(note("Note: no such directory.\n"))

# style_no_* functions, note that the color is not removed
style_italic(col_green(paste0(
  "italic before, ",
  style_no_italic("normal here, "),
  "italic after"
)))

# avoiding  color for substring
style_italic(col_red(paste(
  "red before",
  col_none("not red between"),
  "red after"
)))

[Package cli version 3.0.1 Index]