d2LL {catSurv}R Documentation

The Second Derivative of the Log-Likelihood

Description

Calculates either the second derivative of the log-likelihood or the second derivative of the log-posterior evaluated at point θ.

Usage

d2LL(catObj, theta, use_prior)

Arguments

catObj

An object of class Cat

theta

A numeric or an integer indicating the value for θ

use_prior

A logical indicating whether to calculate based on the log-likelihood or log-posterior

Details

When the usePrior argument is FALSE, the function d2LL evaluates the second derivative of the log-likelihood at point θ.

When the usePrior argument is TRUE, the function d2LL evaluates the second derivative of the log-posterior at point θ.

If the argument use_prior is TRUE, the function d2LL must use the the normal prior distribution.

Value

The function d2LL returns a numeric of the second derivative of the log-likelihood (or log-posterior) given a respondent's answer profile.

Note

This function is to allow users to access the internal functions of the package. During item selection, all calculations are done in compiled C++ code.

Author(s)

Haley Acevedo, Ryden Butler, Josh W. Cutler, Matt Malis, Jacob M. Montgomery, Tom Wilkinson, Erin Rossiter, Min Hee Seo, Alex Weil

References

Baker, Frank B. and Seock-Ho Kim. 2004. Item Response Theory: Parameter Estimation Techniques. New York: Marcel Dekker.

Choi, Seung W. and Richard J. Swartz. 2009. “Comparison of CAT Item Selection Criteria for Polytomous Items." Applied Psychological Measurement 33(6):419-440.

Muraki, Eiji. 1992. “A generalized partial credit model: Application of an EM algorithm." ETS Research Report Series 1992(1):1-30.

van der Linden, Wim J. 1998. “Bayesian Item Selection Criteria for Adaptive Testing." Psychometrika 63(2):201-216.

See Also

Cat-class, d1LL, prior

Examples

## Loading ltm Cat object
data(ltm_cat)

## Store example answers
setAnswers(ltm_cat) <- c(1,0,1,0,1, rep(NA, 35))

## d2LL for Cat object of the ltm model
d2LL(ltm_cat, theta = 1, use_prior = FALSE)



[Package catSurv version 1.4.0 Index]