choroLayer {cartography}R Documentation

Choropleth Layer

Description

Plot a choropleth layer.

Usage

choroLayer(
  x,
  spdf,
  df,
  spdfid = NULL,
  dfid = NULL,
  var,
  breaks = NULL,
  method = "quantile",
  nclass = NULL,
  col = NULL,
  border = "grey20",
  lwd = 1,
  colNA = "white",
  legend.pos = "bottomleft",
  legend.title.txt = var,
  legend.title.cex = 0.8,
  legend.values.cex = 0.6,
  legend.values.rnd = 0,
  legend.nodata = "no data",
  legend.frame = FALSE,
  legend.border = "black",
  legend.horiz = FALSE,
  add = FALSE
)

Arguments

x

an sf object, a simple feature collection. If x is used then spdf, df, spdfid and dfid are not.

spdf

a SpatialPolygonsDataFrame.

df

a data frame that contains the values to plot. If df is missing spdf@data is used instead.

spdfid

name of the identifier variable in spdf, default to the first column of the spdf data frame. (optional)

dfid

name of the identifier variable in df, default to the first column of df. (optional)

var

name of the numeric variable to plot.

breaks

break values in sorted order to indicate the intervals for assigning the colors. Note that if there are nlevel colors (classes) there should be (nlevel+1) break values (see Details).

method

a classification method; one of "sd", "equal", "quantile", "fisher-jenks","q6", "geom", "arith", "em" or "msd" (see getBreaks).

nclass

a targeted number of classes. If null, the number of class is automatically defined (see Details).

col

a vector of colors. Note that if breaks is specified there must be one less colors specified than the number of break.

border

color of the polygons borders.

lwd

borders width.

colNA

no data color.

legend.pos

position of the legend, one of "topleft", "top", "topright", "right", "bottomright", "bottom", "bottomleft", "left" or a vector of two coordinates in map units (c(x, y)). If legend.pos is "n" then the legend is not plotted.

legend.title.txt

title of the legend.

legend.title.cex

size of the legend title.

legend.values.cex

size of the values in the legend.

legend.values.rnd

number of decimal places of the values in the legend.

legend.nodata

no data label.

legend.frame

whether to add a frame to the legend (TRUE) or not (FALSE).

legend.border

color of boxes borders in the legend.

legend.horiz

whether to display the legend horizontally (TRUE) or not (FALSE).

add

whether to add the layer to an existing plot (TRUE) or not (FALSE).

Details

The optimum number of class depends on the number of geographical objects. If nclass is not defined, an automatic method inspired by Sturges (1926) is used : nclass = 1+3.3*log10(N), where nclass is the number of class and N is the variable length.

If breaks is used then nclass and method are not.

If breaks is defined as c(2, 5, 10, 15, 20) intervals will be: [2 - 5[, [5 - 10[, [10 - 15[, [15 - 20].

References

Herbert A. Sturges, « The Choice of a Class Interval », Journal of the American Statistical Association, vol. 21, n° 153, mars 1926, p. 65-66.

See Also

getBreaks, carto.pal, legendChoro, propSymbolsChoroLayer

Examples

library(sf)
mtq <- st_read(system.file("gpkg/mtq.gpkg", package="cartography"))
# Population density
mtq$POPDENS <- 1e6 * mtq$POP / st_area(x = mtq)

# Default
choroLayer(x = mtq, var = "POPDENS")

# With parameters 
choroLayer(x = mtq, var = "POPDENS",
           method = "quantile", nclass = 5,
           col = carto.pal(pal1 = "sand.pal", n1 = 5),
           border = "grey40",
           legend.pos = "topright", legend.values.rnd = 0,
           legend.title.txt = "Population Density\n(people per km2)")

# Layout
layoutLayer(title = "Population Distribution in Martinique, 2015")

[Package cartography version 3.0.0 Index]