t50_bluck_coward {breathtestcore} R Documentation

## Bluck-Coward self-corrected half-emptying time

### Description

Uses Newton's method to solve the self-corrected Bluck-Coward equation for 1/2 to compute the half-emptying time t_50.

Bluck LJC, Jackson S, Vlasakakis G, Mander A (2011) Bayesian hierarchical methods to interpret the 13C-octanoic acid breath test for gastric emptying. Digestion 83_96-107, page 98.

### Usage

```t50_bluck_coward(cf)
```

### Arguments

 `cf` Named vector of coefficients; only `k` and `beta` are required. In this package, `k` is measured in units of 1/min (e.g. 0.01/min), in publications it is often quoted as 1/h (e.g. 0.6/h).

### Value

Time where value is 1/2 of the maximum, i.e. t_50 or t_1/2 in minutes; in the publication by Bluck et al, the parameter is called t_1/2(in).

`exp_beta`

### Examples

```# From table 3 and 4 in Bluck et al.; values for \code{k} and \code{beta}
# (nls, bayesian) are entered and checked against the tabulated values of
# t_{1/2(in)}.
# Most errors are small, but there are some outliers; errors in paper table?
# Parameters and Bluck et al. results:
# table 3 of Bluck et al.
cf3 = data.frame(
method = rep(c("nls", "bayesian")),
group = rep(c("lean", "obese"),each=2),
k =    c(0.576,0.606,0.529,0.608),
beta = c(5.24, 5.79, 5.95, 7.54),
t12 =  c(3.67, 3.63, 4.23, 3.99),
t12in = c(2.076, 2.110, 2.422, 2.466),
tlag = c(2.88, 2.88, 3.34, 3.26),
tlagin = c(1.632, 1.724, 1.92, 2.101)
)
cf3 = dplyr::mutate(cf3,
t50_maes_ghoos = t50_maes_ghoos(cf3),
t50_bluck_coward = t50_bluck_coward(cf3),
tlag_maes_ghoos = tlag_maes_ghoos(cf3),
tlag_bluck_coward = tlag_bluck_coward(cf3),
err_t50_maes_ghoos = round(100*(t50_maes_ghoos-t12)/t12, 2),
err_t50_bluck_coward =
round(100*(t50_bluck_coward-t12in)/t12in, 2),
err_lag_maes = round(100*(tlag_maes_ghoos-tlag)/tlag,2),
err_lag_bluck_coward =
round(100*(tlag_bluck_coward-tlagin)/tlagin,2)
)
cf3
# table 4
# there are large differences for mj3, both using the bayesian (26%)
# and the nls method (16%).  The other data are within the expected limits
cf4 = data.frame(
method = rep(c("nls", "bayesian"),each=3),
group = rep(c("mj1",   "mj2",   "mj3")),
k = c(0.585,  0.437,  0.380,  0.588,  0.418,  0.361),
beta=c(4.35,  4.08,  4.44,  4.49, 4.30, 4.29),
t12 = c(3.39, 4.25, 4.82, 3.40, 4.61, 5.09),
t12in = c(1.77, 2.16, 2.19, 1.81, 2.34, 2.43),
tlag = c(2.56, 3.17, 3.39, 2.58, 3.40, 3.62),
tlagin = c(1.30, 1.53, 1.33, 1.35, 1.65, 1.57)
)
cf4 = dplyr::mutate(cf4,
t50_maes_ghoos = t50_maes_ghoos(cf4),
t50_bluck_coward = t50_bluck_coward(cf4),
tlag_maes_ghoos = tlag_maes_ghoos(cf4),
tlag_bluck_coward = tlag_bluck_coward(cf4),
err_t50_maes_ghoos = unlist(round(100*(t50_maes_ghoos-t12)/t12)),
err_t50_bluck_coward =
round(100*(t50_bluck_coward-t12in)/t12in,2),
err_lag_maes = round(100*(tlag_maes_ghoos-tlag)/tlag,2),
err_lag_bluck_coward =
round(100*(tlag_bluck_coward-tlagin)/tlagin,2)
)
cf4

```

[Package breathtestcore version 0.8.1 Index]