admix_prop_1d_circular {bnpsd}R Documentation

Construct admixture proportion matrix for circular 1D geography


Assumes k_subpops intermediate subpopulations placed along a circumference (the [0, 2 * pi] line that wraps around) with even spacing spread by random walks (see details below), then n_ind individuals sampled equally spaced in [coord_ind_first,coord_ind_last] (default [0, 2 * pi] with a small gap so first and last individual do not overlap) draw their admixture proportions relative to the Von Mises density that models the random walks of each of these intermediate subpopulations. The spread of the random walks is sigma = 1 / sqrt(kappa) of the Von Mises density. If sigma is missing, it can be set indirectly by providing three variables: (1) the desired bias coefficient bias_coeff, (2) the coancestry matrix of the intermediate subpopulations coanc_subpops (up to a scalar factor), and (3) the final fst of the admixed individuals (see details below).


  sigma = NA,
  coord_ind_first = 2 * pi/(2 * n_ind),
  coord_ind_last = 2 * pi * (1 - 1/(2 * n_ind)),
  bias_coeff = NA,
  coanc_subpops = NULL,
  fst = NA



Number of individuals


Number of intermediate subpopulations


Spread of intermediate subpopulations (approximate standard deviation of Von Mises densities, see above) The edge cases sigma = 0 and sigma = Inf are handled appropriately!


Location of first individual


Location of last individual



If sigma is NA, this bias coefficient is required.


If sigma is NA, this intermediate subpops coancestry is required. It can be provided as a k_subpops-by-k_subpops matrix, a length-k_subpops population inbreeding vector (for independent subpopulations, where between-subpop coancestries are zero) or scalar (if population inbreeding values are all equal and coancestries are zero). This coanc_subpops can be in the wrong scale (it cancels out in calculations), which is returned corrected, to result in the desired fst (next).


If sigma is NA, this FST of the admixed individuals is required.


Assuming the full range of [0, 2 * pi] is considered, and the first and last individuals do not overlap, the gap between individuals is delta = 2 * pi / n. To not have any individuals on the edge, we place the first individual at delta / 2 and the last at 2 * pi - delta / 2. The location of subpopulation j is delta / 2 + ( j - 1/2 ) / k * (2 * pi - delta), chosen to agree with the default correspondence between individuals and subpopulations of the linear 1D geography admixture scenario (admix_prop_1d_linear()).

If sigma is NA, its value is determined from the desired bias_coeff, coanc_subpops up to a scalar factor, and fst. Uniform weights for the final generalized FST are assumed. The scale of coanc_subpops is irrelevant because it cancels out in bias_coeff; after sigma is found, coanc_subpops is rescaled to give the desired final FST. However, the function stops if any rescaled coanc_subpops values are greater than 1, which are not allowed since they are IBD probabilities.


If sigma was provided, returns the n_ind-by-k_subpops admixture proportion matrix (admix_proportions). If sigma is missing, returns a named list containing:


# admixture matrix for 1000 individuals drawing alleles from 10 subpops
# simple version: spread of about 2 standard deviations along the circular 1D geography
# (just set sigma)
admix_proportions <- admix_prop_1d_circular(n_ind = 1000, k_subpops = 10, sigma = 2)

# advanced version: a similar model but with a bias coefficient of exactly 1/2
# (must provide bias_coeff, coanc_subpops, and fst in lieu of sigma)
k_subpops <- 10
# FST vector for intermediate independent subpops, up to a factor (will be rescaled below)
coanc_subpops <- 1 : k_subpops
obj <- admix_prop_1d_circular(
    n_ind = 1000,
    k_subpops = k_subpops,
    bias_coeff = 0.5,
    coanc_subpops = coanc_subpops,
    fst = 0.1 # desired final FST of admixed individuals

# in this case return value is a named list with three items:
admix_proportions <- obj$admix_proportions

# rescaled coancestry data (matrix or vector) for intermediate subpops
coanc_subpops <- obj$coanc_subpops

# and the sigma that gives the desired bias_coeff and final FST
sigma <- obj$sigma

[Package bnpsd version 1.3.13 Index]