AUC {bigstatsr} R Documentation

## AUC

### Description

Compute the Area Under the ROC Curve (AUC) of a predictor and possibly its 95% confidence interval.

### Usage

AUC(pred, target, digits = NULL)

AUCBoot(pred, target, nboot = 10000, seed = NA, digits = NULL)


### Arguments

 pred Vector of predictions. target Vector of true labels (must have exactly two levels, no missing values). digits See round. Default doesn't use rounding. nboot Number of bootstrap samples used to evaluate the 95% CI. Default is 1e4. seed See set.seed. Use it for reproducibility. Default doesn't set any seed.

### Details

Other packages provide ways to compute the AUC (see this answer). I chose to compute the AUC through its statistical definition as a probability:

P(score(x_{case}) > score(x_{control})).

Note that I consider equality between scores as a 50%-probability of one being greater than the other.

### Value

The AUC, a probability, and possibly its 2.5% and 97.5% quantiles (95% CI).

### Examples

set.seed(1)

AUC(c(0, 0), 0:1) # Equality of scores
AUC(c(0.2, 0.1, 1), c(0, 0, 1)) # Perfect AUC
x <- rnorm(100)
z <- rnorm(length(x), x, abs(x))
y <- as.numeric(z > 0)
print(AUC(x, y))
print(AUCBoot(x, y))

# Partial AUC
pAUC <- function(pred, target, p = 0.1) {
val.min <- min(target)
q <- quantile(pred[target == val.min], probs = 1 - p)
ind <- (target != val.min) | (pred > q)
bigstatsr::AUC(pred[ind], target[ind]) * p
}
pAUC(x, y)
pAUC(x, y, 0.2)


[Package bigstatsr version 1.5.6 Index]