p_to_bf {bayestestR} R Documentation

## Convert p-values to (pseudo) Bayes Factors

### Description

Convert p-values to (pseudo) Bayes Factors. This transformation has been suggested by Wagenmakers (2022), but is based on a vast amount of assumptions. It might therefore be not reliable. Use at your own risks. For more accurate approximate Bayes factors, use bic_to_bf() instead.

### Usage

p_to_bf(x, log = FALSE, ...)

## S3 method for class 'numeric'
p_to_bf(x, log = FALSE, n_obs = NULL, ...)

## Default S3 method:
p_to_bf(x, log = FALSE, ...)


### Arguments

 x A (frequentist) model object, or a (numeric) vector of p-values. log Wether to return log Bayes Factors. Note: The print() method always shows BF - the "log_BF" column is only accessible from the returned data frame. ... Other arguments to be passed (not used for now). n_obs Number of observations. Either length 1, or same length as p.

### Value

A data frame with the p-values and pseudo-Bayes factors (against the null).

### References

• Wagenmakers, E.J. (2022). Approximate objective Bayes factors from p-values and sample size: The 3p(sqrt(n)) rule. Preprint available on ArXiv: https://psyarxiv.com/egydq

bic_to_bf() for more accurate approximate Bayes factors.

### Examples

if (requireNamespace("parameters", quietly = TRUE)) {
data(iris)
model <- lm(Petal.Length ~ Sepal.Length + Species, data = iris)
p_to_bf(model)

# Examples that demonstrate comparison between
# BIC-approximated and pseudo BF
# --------------------------------------------
m0 <- lm(mpg ~ 1, mtcars)
m1 <- lm(mpg ~ am, mtcars)
m2 <- lm(mpg ~ factor(cyl), mtcars)

# In this first example, BIC-approximated BF and
# pseudo-BF based on p-values are close...

# BIC-approximated BF, m1 against null model
bic_to_bf(BIC(m1), denominator = BIC(m0))

# pseudo-BF based on p-values - dropping intercept
p_to_bf(m1)[-1, ]

# The second example shows that results from pseudo-BF are less accurate
# and should be handled wit caution!
bic_to_bf(BIC(m2), denominator = BIC(m0))
p_to_bf(anova(m2), n_obs = nrow(mtcars))
}



[Package bayestestR version 0.13.1 Index]