map_estimate {bayestestR} R Documentation

## Maximum A Posteriori probability estimate (MAP)

### Description

Find the Highest Maximum A Posteriori probability estimate (MAP) of a posterior, i.e., the value associated with the highest probability density (the "peak" of the posterior distribution). In other words, it is an estimation of the mode for continuous parameters. Note that this function relies on estimate_density(), which by default uses a different smoothing bandwidth ("SJ") compared to the legacy default implemented the base R density() function ("nrd0").

### Usage

map_estimate(x, ...)

## S3 method for class 'numeric'
map_estimate(x, precision = 2^10, method = "kernel", ...)

## S3 method for class 'stanreg'
map_estimate(
x,
precision = 2^10,
method = "kernel",
effects = c("fixed", "random", "all"),
component = c("location", "all", "conditional", "smooth_terms", "sigma",
"distributional", "auxiliary"),
parameters = NULL,
...
)

## S3 method for class 'brmsfit'
map_estimate(
x,
precision = 2^10,
method = "kernel",
effects = c("fixed", "random", "all"),
component = c("conditional", "zi", "zero_inflated", "all"),
parameters = NULL,
...
)

## S3 method for class 'data.frame'
map_estimate(x, precision = 2^10, method = "kernel", ...)

## S3 method for class 'get_predicted'
map_estimate(
x,
precision = 2^10,
method = "kernel",
use_iterations = FALSE,
verbose = TRUE,
...
)


### Arguments

 x Vector representing a posterior distribution, or a data frame of such vectors. Can also be a Bayesian model. bayestestR supports a wide range of models (see, for example, methods("hdi")) and not all of those are documented in the 'Usage' section, because methods for other classes mostly resemble the arguments of the .numeric or .data.framemethods. ... Currently not used. precision Number of points of density data. See the n parameter in density. method Density estimation method. Can be "kernel" (default), "logspline" or "KernSmooth". effects Should results for fixed effects, random effects or both be returned? Only applies to mixed models. May be abbreviated. component Should results for all parameters, parameters for the conditional model or the zero-inflated part of the model be returned? May be abbreviated. Only applies to brms-models. parameters Regular expression pattern that describes the parameters that should be returned. Meta-parameters (like lp__ or prior_) are filtered by default, so only parameters that typically appear in the summary() are returned. Use parameters to select specific parameters for the output. use_iterations Logical, if TRUE and x is a get_predicted object, (returned by insight::get_predicted()), the function is applied to the iterations instead of the predictions. This only applies to models that return iterations for predicted values (e.g., brmsfit models). verbose Toggle off warnings.

### Value

A numeric value if x is a vector. If x is a model-object, returns a data frame with following columns:

• Parameter: The model parameter(s), if x is a model-object. If x is a vector, this column is missing.

• MAP_Estimate: The MAP estimate for the posterior or each model parameter.

### Examples



library(bayestestR)

posterior <- rnorm(10000)
map_estimate(posterior)

plot(density(posterior))
abline(v = as.numeric(map_estimate(posterior)), col = "red")

model <- rstanarm::stan_glm(mpg ~ wt + cyl, data = mtcars)
map_estimate(model)

model <- brms::brm(mpg ~ wt + cyl, data = mtcars)
map_estimate(model)



[Package bayestestR version 0.13.2 Index]