get_projection_weights {bartMachine}R Documentation

Gets Training Sample Projection / Weights

Description

Returns the matrix H where yhat is approximately equal to H y where yhat is the predicted values for new_data. If new_data is unspecified, yhat will be the in-sample fits. If BART was the same as OLS, H would be an orthogonal projection matrix. Here it is a projection matrix, but clearly non-orthogonal. Unfortunately, I cannot get this function to work correctly because of three possible reasons (1) BART does not work by averaging tree predictions: it is a sum of trees model where each tree sees the residuals via backfitting (2) the prediction in each node is a bayesian posterior draw which is close to ybar of the observations contained in the node if noise is gauged to be small and (3) there are transformations of the original y variable. I believe I got close and I think I'm off by a constant multiple which is a function of the number of trees. I can use regression to estimate the constant multiple and correct for it. Turn regression_kludge to TRUE for this. Note that the weights do not add up to one here. The intuition is because due to the backfitting there is multiple counting. But I'm not entirely sure.

Usage

get_projection_weights(bart_machine, new_data = NULL, regression_kludge = FALSE)

Arguments

bart_machine

An object of class “bartMachine”.

new_data

Data that you wish to investigate the training sample projection / weights. If NULL, the original training data is used.

regression_kludge

See explanation in the description. Default is FALSE.

Value

Returns a matrix of proportions with number of rows equal to the number of rows of new_data and number of columns equal to the number of rows of the original training data, n.

Examples

## Not run: 
options(java.parameters = "-Xmx10g")
pacman::p_load(bartMachine, tidyverse)

seed = 1984
set.seed(seed)
n = 100
x = rnorm(n, 0, 1)
sigma = 0.1
y = x + rnorm(n, 0, sigma)

num_trees = 200
num_iterations_after_burn_in = 1000
bart_mod = bartMachine(data.frame(x = x), y, 
	flush_indices_to_save_RAM = FALSE, 
	num_trees = num_trees, 
	num_iterations_after_burn_in = num_iterations_after_burn_in, 
	seed = seed)
bart_mod

n_star = 100
x_star = rnorm(n_star)
y_star = as.numeric(x_star + rnorm(n_star, 0, sigma))
yhat_star_bart = predict(bart_mod, data.frame(x = x_star))

Hstar = get_projection_weights(bart_mod, data.frame(x = x_star))
rowSums(Hstar)
yhat_star_projection = as.numeric(Hstar 

ggplot(data.frame(
	yhat_star = yhat_star_bart, 
	yhat_star_projection = yhat_star_projection, 
	y_star = y_star)) +
  geom_point(aes(x = yhat_star_bart, y = yhat_star_projection), col = "green") + 
  geom_abline(slope = 1, intercept = 0)

Hstar = get_projection_weights(bart_mod, data.frame(x = x_star), regression_kludge = TRUE)
rowSums(Hstar)
yhat_star_projection = as.numeric(Hstar 

ggplot(data.frame(
	yhat_star = yhat_star_bart, 
	yhat_star_projection = yhat_star_projection, 
	y_star = y_star)) +
  geom_point(aes(x = yhat_star_bart, y = yhat_star_projection), col = "green") + 
  geom_abline(slope = 1, intercept = 0)


## End(Not run)

[Package bartMachine version 1.2.6 Index]