testTilt {astrochron}R Documentation

Astrochronologic testing via the obliquity amplitude modulation approach of Zeeden et al. (2019 submitted).

Description

Astrochronologic testing via the obliquity amplitude modulation approach of Zeeden et al. (2019 submitted).

Usage

testTilt(dat,nsim=1000,gen=1,edge=0.025,cutoff=1/150,maxNoise=0.25,rho=NULL,detrendEnv=T,
               solution=NULL,output=F,genplot=T,verbose=T)

Arguments

dat

Stratigraphic series to analyze. First column should be location (time in ka, a positive value), second column should be data value.

nsim

Number of Monte Carlo simulations (phase-randomized surrogates or AR1 surrogates).

gen

Monte Carlo simulation generator: (1) use phase-randomized surrogates, (2) use AR1 surrogates.

edge

Percentage of record to exclude from beginning and end of data series, to remove edge effects. (0-1)

cutoff

Cutoff frequency for lowpass filtering.

maxNoise

Maximum noise level to add in simulations. A value of 1 will apply maximum noise that is equivalent to 1 sd of data.

rho

Specified lag-1 correlation coefficient (rho). This value is only used if gen=2. If rho is not specified, it will be calculated within the function.

detrendEnv

Linearly detrend envelope? (T or F)

solution

Theoretical solution used for astrochronologic testing. Solution should be in the format: time (ka), precession angle, obliquity, eccentricity (the output from function 'getLaskar'). By default this is automatically determined within the function, using the solution of Laskar et al. (2004).

output

Return results as a new data frame? (T or F)

genplot

Generate summary plots? (T or F)

verbose

Verbose output? (T or F)

Details

This astrochronologic testing method compares observed obliquity-scale amplitude modulations to those expected from the theoretical solutions. It is applicable for testing astrochronologies spanning 0-50 Ma. The technique implements a series of filters to guard against artificial introduction of modulations during tuning and data processing, and evaluates the statistical significance of the results using Monte Carlo simulation. The algorithm includes an adaptive noise addition step to improvement the significance testing approach. See Zeeden et al. (2019 submitted) for additional information.

The astronomically-tuned data series under evaluation should consist of two columns: time in kiloyears & data value. Note that time must be positive. The default obliquity solution used for the astrochronologic testing comes from Laskar et al. (2004).

When reporting a p-value for your result, it is important to consider the number of simulations used. A factor of 10 is appropriate, such that for 1000 simulations one would report a minimum p-value of "p<0.01", and for 10000 simulations one would report a minimum p-value of "p<0.001".

Please be aware that the kernel density estimate plots, which summarize the simulations, represent 'smoothed' models. Due to the smoothing bandwidth, they can sometimes give the impression of simulation values that are larger or smaller than actually present. However, the reported p-value does not suffer from these issues.

Value

When nsim is set to zero, the function will output a data frame with five columns:

1=time, 2=obliquity bandpass filter output, 3=amplitude envelope of (2), 4=lowpass filter output of (3), 5=theoretical obliquity (as extracted from modulations using the filtering algorithm), 6=(2) + noise, 7=amplitude envelope of (6), 8=lowpass filter output of (7)

When nsim is > 0, the function will output the correlation coefficients for each simulation.

References

C. Zeeden, S.R. Meyers, F.J. Hilgen, L.J. Lourens, and J. Laskar, 2019 submitted, Time scale evaluation and the quantification of obliquity forcing: Quaternary Science Reviews.

C. Zeeden, S.R. Meyers, L.J. Lourens, and F.J. Hilgen, 2015, Testing astronomically tuned age models: Paleoceanography, 30, doi:10.1002/2014PA002762.

J. Laskar, P. Robutel, F. Joutel, M. Gastineau, A.C.M. Correia, and B. Levrard, B., 2004, A long term numerical solution for the insolation quantities of the Earth: Astron. Astrophys., Volume 428, 261-285.

See Also

asm, eAsmTrack, timeOpt, and timeOptSim

Examples

## Not run: 
### as a test series, use the obliquity series from Laskar et al. (2004), spanning 
### the past 4 million years
ex<-etp(tmin=0,tmax=4000,dt=2,eWt=0,oWt=1,pWt=0,solution=solution,standardize=FALSE)

### now conduct astrochronologic testing
res1=testTilt(ex)

### if you plan to run testTilt repeatedly, it is advisable to download the astronomical
### solution
solution<-getLaskar()

### now conduct astrochronologic testing
res<-testTilt(ex,solution=solution)

## End(Not run)

[Package astrochron version 1.0 Index]