tableby {arsenal}R Documentation

Summary Statistics of a Set of Independent Variables by a Categorical Variable


Summarize one or more variables (x) by a categorical variable (y). Variables on the right side of the formula, i.e. independent variables, are summarized by the levels of a categorical variable on the left of the formula. Optionally, an appropriate test is performed to test the distribution of the independent variables across the levels of the categorical variable.


  subset = NULL,
  weights = NULL,
  control = NULL,



an object of class formula; a symbolic description of the variables to be summarized by the group, or categorical variable, of interest. See "Details" for more information. To only view overall summary statistics, a one-sided formula can be used.


an optional data frame, list or environment (or object coercible by to a data frame) containing the variables in the model. If not found in data, the variables are taken from environment(formula), typically the environment from which the function is called.


a function which indicates what should happen when the data contain NAs. The default is na.tableby(TRUE) if there is a by-variable, and na.tableby(FALSE) if there is not. This schema thus includes observations with NAs in x variables, but removes those with NA in the categorical group variable and strata (if used).


an optional vector specifying a subset of observations (rows of data) to be used in the results. Works as vector of logicals or an index.


a vector of weights. Using weights will disable statistical tests.


a vector of strata to separate summaries by an additional group.


control parameters to handle optional settings within tableby. Two aspects of tableby are controlled with these: test options of RHS variables across levels of the categorical grouping variable, and x variable summaries within the grouping variable. Arguments for tableby.control can be passed to tableby via the ... argument, but if a control object and ... arguments are both supplied, the latter are used. See tableby.control for more details.


additional arguments to be passed to internal tableby functions or tableby.control.


The group variable (if any) is categorical, which could be an integer, character, factor, or ordered factor. tableby makes a simple summary of the counts within the k-levels of the independent variables on the right side of the formula. Note that unused levels are dropped.

The data argument allows data.frames with label attributes for the columns, and those labels will be used in the summary methods for the tableby class.

The independent variables are a mixture of types: categorical (discrete), numeric (continuous), and time to event (survival). These variables are split by the levels of the group variable (if any), then summarized within those levels, specific to the variable type. A statistical test is performed to compare the distribution of the independent variables across the levels of the grouping variable.

The tests differ by the independent variable type, but can be specified explicitly in the formula statement or in the control function. These tests are accepted:

To perform a mixture of asymptotic and rank-based tests on two different continuous variables, an example formula is: formula = group ~ anova(age) + kwt(height). The test settings in tableby.control apply to all independent variables of a given type.

The summary statistics reported for each independent variable within the group variable can be set in tableby.control.

Finally, multiple by-variables can be set using list(). See the examples for more details.


An object with class c("tableby", "arsenal_table")


Jason Sinnwell, Beth Atkinson, Gregory Dougherty, and Ethan Heinzen, adapted from SAS Macros written by Paul Novotny and Ryan Lennon

See Also

arsenal_table, anova, chisq.test, tableby.control, summary.tableby, tableby.internal, formulize, selectall


tab1 <- tableby(arm ~ sex + age, data=mockstudy)
summary(tab1, text=TRUE)

mylabels <- list(sex = "SEX", age ="Age, yrs")
summary(tab1, labelTranslations = mylabels, text=TRUE)

tab3 <- tableby(arm ~ sex + age, data=mockstudy, test=FALSE, total=FALSE,
                numeric.stats=c("median","q1q3"), numeric.test="kwt")
summary(tab3, text=TRUE)

# multiple LHS
summary(tableby(list(arm, sex) ~ age, data = mockstudy, strata = ps), text = TRUE)

tab.test <- tableby(arm ~ kwt(age) + anova(bmi) + kwt(ast), data=mockstudy)

[Package arsenal version 3.6.3 Index]