derive_extreme_event {admiral}R Documentation

Add the Worst or Best Observation for Each By Group as New Records

Description

Add the first available record from events for each by group as new records, all variables of the selected observation are kept. It can be used for selecting the extreme observation from a series of user-defined events. This distinguishes derive_extreme_event() from derive_extreme_records(), where extreme records are derived based on certain order of existing variables.

Usage

derive_extreme_event(
  dataset = NULL,
  by_vars,
  events,
  tmp_event_nr_var = NULL,
  order,
  mode,
  source_datasets = NULL,
  ignore_event_order = NULL,
  check_type = "warning",
  set_values_to = NULL,
  keep_source_vars = exprs(everything())
)

Arguments

dataset

Input dataset

The variables specified by the by_vars and order arguments are expected to be in the dataset.

by_vars

Grouping variables

Default: NULL

Permitted Values: list of variables created by exprs() e.g. exprs(USUBJID, VISIT)

events

Conditions and new values defining events

A list of event() or event_joined() objects is expected. Only observations listed in the events are considered for deriving extreme event. If multiple records meet the filter condition, take the first record sorted by order. The data is grouped by by_vars, i.e., summary functions like all() or any() can be used in condition.

For event_joined() events the observations are selected by calling filter_joined(). The condition field is passed to the filter_join argument.

tmp_event_nr_var

Temporary event number variable

The specified variable is added to all source datasets and is set to the number of the event before selecting the records of the event.

It can be used in order to determine which record should be used if records from more than one event are selected.

The variable is not included in the output dataset.

order

Sort order

If a particular event from events has more than one observation, within the event and by group, the records are ordered by the specified order.

For handling of NAs in sorting variables see Sort Order.

Permitted Values: list of expressions created by exprs(), e.g., exprs(ADT, desc(AVAL))

mode

Selection mode (first or last)

If a particular event from events has more than one observation, "first"/"last" is used to select the first/last record of this type of event sorting by order.

Permitted Values: "first", "last"

source_datasets

Source datasets

A named list of datasets is expected. The dataset_name field of event() and event_joined() refers to the dataset provided in the list.

ignore_event_order

Ignore event order

[Deprecated]

This argument is deprecated. If event order should be ignored, please specify neither ignore_event_order nor tmp_event_nr_var. If the event order should be considered, don't specify ignore_event_order but specify tmp_event_nr_var and and the specified variable to order.

If the argument is set to TRUE, all events defined by events are considered equivalent. If there is more than one observation per by group the first or last (with respect to mode and order) is select without taking the order of the events into account.

Permitted Values: TRUE, FALSE

check_type

Check uniqueness?

If "warning" or "error" is specified, the specified message is issued if the observations of the input dataset are not unique with respect to the by variables and the order.

Default: "warning"

Permitted Values: "none", "warning", "error"

set_values_to

Variables to be set

The specified variables are set to the specified values for the new observations.

Set a list of variables to some specified value for the new records

  • LHS refer to a variable.

  • RHS refers to the values to set to the variable. This can be a string, a symbol, a numeric value, an expression or NA. If summary functions are used, the values are summarized by the variables specified for by_vars.

For example:

  set_values_to = exprs(
    AVAL = sum(AVAL),
    DTYPE = "AVERAGE",
  )
keep_source_vars

Variables to keep from the source dataset

For each event the specified variables are kept from the selected observations. The variables specified for by_vars and created by set_values_to are always kept.

Permitted Values: A list of expressions where each element is a symbol or a tidyselect expression, e.g., exprs(VISIT, VISITNUM, starts_with("RS")).

Details

  1. For each event select the observations to consider:

    1. If the event is of class event, the observations of the source dataset are restricted by condition and then the first or last (mode) observation per by group (by_vars) is selected.

      If the event is of class event_joined, filter_joined() is called to select the observations.

    2. The variables specified by the set_values_to field of the event are added to the selected observations.

    3. The variable specified for tmp_event_nr_var is added and set to the number of the event.

    4. Only the variables specified for the keep_source_vars field of the event, and the by variables (by_vars) and the variables created by set_values_to are kept.

  2. All selected observations are bound together.

  3. For each group (with respect to the variables specified for the by_vars parameter) the first or last observation (with respect to the order specified for the order parameter and the mode specified for the mode parameter) is selected.

  4. The variables specified by the set_values_to parameter are added to the selected observations.

  5. The observations are added to input dataset.

Value

The input dataset with the best or worst observation of each by group added as new observations.

See Also

event(), event_joined(), derive_vars_extreme_event()

BDS-Findings Functions for adding Parameters/Records: default_qtc_paramcd(), derive_expected_records(), derive_extreme_records(), derive_locf_records(), derive_param_bmi(), derive_param_bsa(), derive_param_computed(), derive_param_doseint(), derive_param_exist_flag(), derive_param_exposure(), derive_param_framingham(), derive_param_map(), derive_param_qtc(), derive_param_rr(), derive_param_wbc_abs(), derive_summary_records()

Examples

library(tibble)
library(dplyr)
library(lubridate)

adqs <- tribble(
  ~USUBJID, ~PARAMCD,       ~AVALC,        ~ADY,
  "1",      "NO SLEEP",     "N",              1,
  "1",      "WAKE UP",      "N",              2,
  "1",      "FALL ASLEEP",  "N",              3,
  "2",      "NO SLEEP",     "N",              1,
  "2",      "WAKE UP",      "Y",              2,
  "2",      "WAKE UP",      "Y",              3,
  "2",      "FALL ASLEEP",  "N",              4,
  "3",      "NO SLEEP",     NA_character_,    1
)

# Add a new record for each USUBJID storing the the worst sleeping problem.
derive_extreme_event(
  adqs,
  by_vars = exprs(USUBJID),
  events = list(
    event(
      condition = PARAMCD == "NO SLEEP" & AVALC == "Y",
      set_values_to = exprs(AVALC = "No sleep", AVAL = 1)
    ),
    event(
      condition = PARAMCD == "WAKE UP" & AVALC == "Y",
      set_values_to = exprs(AVALC = "Waking up more than three times", AVAL = 2)
    ),
    event(
      condition = PARAMCD == "FALL ASLEEP" & AVALC == "Y",
      set_values_to = exprs(AVALC = "More than 30 mins to fall asleep", AVAL = 3)
    ),
    event(
      condition = all(AVALC == "N"),
      set_values_to = exprs(
        AVALC = "No sleeping problems", AVAL = 4
      )
    ),
    event(
      condition = TRUE,
      set_values_to = exprs(AVALC = "Missing", AVAL = 99)
    )
  ),
  tmp_event_nr_var = event_nr,
  order = exprs(event_nr, desc(ADY)),
  mode = "first",
  set_values_to = exprs(
    PARAMCD = "WSP",
    PARAM = "Worst Sleeping Problems"
  )
)

# Use different mode by event
adhy <- tribble(
  ~USUBJID, ~AVISITN, ~CRIT1FL,
  "1",             1, "Y",
  "1",             2, "Y",
  "2",             1, "Y",
  "2",             2, NA_character_,
  "2",             3, "Y",
  "2",             4, NA_character_
) %>%
  mutate(
    PARAMCD = "ALKPH",
    PARAM = "Alkaline Phosphatase (U/L)"
  )

derive_extreme_event(
  adhy,
  by_vars = exprs(USUBJID),
  events = list(
    event(
      condition = is.na(CRIT1FL),
      set_values_to = exprs(AVALC = "N")
    ),
    event(
      condition = CRIT1FL == "Y",
      mode = "last",
      set_values_to = exprs(AVALC = "Y")
    )
  ),
  tmp_event_nr_var = event_nr,
  order = exprs(event_nr, AVISITN),
  mode = "first",
  keep_source_vars = exprs(AVISITN),
  set_values_to = exprs(
    PARAMCD = "ALK2",
    PARAM = "ALKPH <= 2 times ULN"
  )
)

# Derive confirmed best overall response (using event_joined())
# CR - complete response, PR - partial response, SD - stable disease
# NE - not evaluable, PD - progressive disease
adsl <- tribble(
  ~USUBJID, ~TRTSDTC,
  "1",      "2020-01-01",
  "2",      "2019-12-12",
  "3",      "2019-11-11",
  "4",      "2019-12-30",
  "5",      "2020-01-01",
  "6",      "2020-02-02",
  "7",      "2020-02-02",
  "8",      "2020-02-01"
) %>%
  mutate(TRTSDT = ymd(TRTSDTC))

adrs <- tribble(
  ~USUBJID, ~ADTC,        ~AVALC,
  "1",      "2020-01-01", "PR",
  "1",      "2020-02-01", "CR",
  "1",      "2020-02-16", "NE",
  "1",      "2020-03-01", "CR",
  "1",      "2020-04-01", "SD",
  "2",      "2020-01-01", "SD",
  "2",      "2020-02-01", "PR",
  "2",      "2020-03-01", "SD",
  "2",      "2020-03-13", "CR",
  "4",      "2020-01-01", "PR",
  "4",      "2020-03-01", "NE",
  "4",      "2020-04-01", "NE",
  "4",      "2020-05-01", "PR",
  "5",      "2020-01-01", "PR",
  "5",      "2020-01-10", "PR",
  "5",      "2020-01-20", "PR",
  "6",      "2020-02-06", "PR",
  "6",      "2020-02-16", "CR",
  "6",      "2020-03-30", "PR",
  "7",      "2020-02-06", "PR",
  "7",      "2020-02-16", "CR",
  "7",      "2020-04-01", "NE",
  "8",      "2020-02-16", "PD"
) %>%
  mutate(
    ADT = ymd(ADTC),
    PARAMCD = "OVR",
    PARAM = "Overall Response by Investigator"
  ) %>%
  derive_vars_merged(
    dataset_add = adsl,
    by_vars = exprs(USUBJID),
    new_vars = exprs(TRTSDT)
  )

derive_extreme_event(
  adrs,
  by_vars = exprs(USUBJID),
  tmp_event_nr_var = event_nr,
  order = exprs(event_nr, ADT),
  mode = "first",
  source_datasets = list(adsl = adsl),
  events = list(
    event_joined(
      description = paste(
        "CR needs to be confirmed by a second CR at least 28 days later",
        "at most one NE is acceptable between the two assessments"
      ),
      join_vars = exprs(AVALC, ADT),
      join_type = "after",
      first_cond_upper = AVALC.join == "CR" &
        ADT.join >= ADT + 28,
      condition = AVALC == "CR" &
        all(AVALC.join %in% c("CR", "NE")) &
        count_vals(var = AVALC.join, val = "NE") <= 1,
      set_values_to = exprs(
        AVALC = "CR"
      )
    ),
    event_joined(
      description = paste(
        "PR needs to be confirmed by a second CR or PR at least 28 days later,",
        "at most one NE is acceptable between the two assessments"
      ),
      join_vars = exprs(AVALC, ADT),
      join_type = "after",
      first_cond_upper = AVALC.join %in% c("CR", "PR") &
        ADT.join >= ADT + 28,
      condition = AVALC == "PR" &
        all(AVALC.join %in% c("CR", "PR", "NE")) &
        count_vals(var = AVALC.join, val = "NE") <= 1,
      set_values_to = exprs(
        AVALC = "PR"
      )
    ),
    event(
      description = paste(
        "CR, PR, or SD are considered as SD if occurring at least 28",
        "after treatment start"
      ),
      condition = AVALC %in% c("CR", "PR", "SD") & ADT >= TRTSDT + 28,
      set_values_to = exprs(
        AVALC = "SD"
      )
    ),
    event(
      condition = AVALC == "PD",
      set_values_to = exprs(
        AVALC = "PD"
      )
    ),
    event(
      condition = AVALC %in% c("CR", "PR", "SD", "NE"),
      set_values_to = exprs(
        AVALC = "NE"
      )
    ),
    event(
      description = "set response to MISSING for patients without records in ADRS",
      dataset_name = "adsl",
      condition = TRUE,
      set_values_to = exprs(
        AVALC = "MISSING"
      ),
      keep_source_vars = exprs(TRTSDT)
    )
  ),
  set_values_to = exprs(
    PARAMCD = "CBOR",
    PARAM = "Best Confirmed Overall Response by Investigator"
  )
) %>%
  filter(PARAMCD == "CBOR")


[Package admiral version 1.0.2 Index]