dist.Scaled.Inverse.Wishart {LaplacesDemon} R Documentation

## Scaled Inverse Wishart Distribution

### Description

These functions provide the density and random number generation for the scaled inverse Wishart distribution.

### Usage

   dsiw(Q, nu, S, zeta, mu, delta, log=FALSE)
rsiw(nu, S, mu, delta)


### Arguments

 Q This is the symmetric, positive-definite k \times k matrix \textbf{Q}. nu This is the scalar degrees of freedom, \nu regarding \textbf{Q}. The default recommendation is nu=k+1. S This is the symmetric, positive-semidefinite k \times k scale matrix \textbf{S} regarding \textbf{Q}. The default recommendation is S=diag(k). zeta This is a positive-only vector of length k of auxiliary scale parameters \zeta. mu This is a vector of length k of location hyperparameters \mu regarding \zeta. delta This is a positive-only vector of length k of scale hyperparameters \delta regarding \zeta. log Logical. If log=TRUE, then the logarithm of the density is returned.

### Details

• Application: Continuous Multivariate

• Density: (see below)

• Inventor: O'Malley and Zaslavsky (2005)

• Notation 1: p(\Sigma) \sim \mathcal{SIW}(\textbf{Q}, \nu, \textbf{S}, \zeta, \mu, \delta)

• Notation 2: p(\Sigma) = \mathcal{SIW}(\Sigma | \textbf{Q}, \nu, \textbf{S}, \zeta, \mu, \delta

• Parameter 1: symmetric, positive-definite k \times k matrix \textbf{Q}

• Parameter 2: degrees of freedom \nu

• Parameter 3: symmetric, positive-semidefinite k \times k scale matrix \textbf{S}

• Parameter 4: Auxiliary scale parameter vector \zeta

• Parameter 5: Hyperparameter location vector \mu

• Parameter 6: Hyperparameter scale vector \delta

• Mean:

• Variance:

• Mode:

The scaled inverse Wishart (SIW) distribution is a prior probability distribution for a covariance matrix, and is an alternative to the inverse Wishart distribution.

While the inverse Wishart distribution is applied directly to covariance matrix \Sigma, the SIW distribution is applied to a decomposed matrix \textbf{Q} and diagonal scale matrix \zeta. For information on how to apply it to \textbf{Q}, see the example below.

SIW is more flexible than the inverse Wishart distribution because it has additional, and some say somewhat redundant, scale parameters. This makes up for one limitation of the inverse Wishart, namely that all uncertainty about posterior variances is represented in one parameter. The SIW prior may somewhat alleviate the dependency in the inverse Wishart between variances and correlations, though the SIW prior still retains some of this relationship.

The Huang-Wand (dhuangwand) prior is a hierarchical alternative.

### Value

dsiw gives the density and rsiw generates random deviates.

### References

O'Malley, A.J. and Zaslavsky, A.M. (2005), "Domain-Level Covariance Analysis for Survey Data with Structured Nonresponse".

dhuangwand, dinvwishartc, dmvn, and dwishart.

### Examples

library(LaplacesDemon)
### In the model specification function, input U and zeta, then:
# Q <- t(U) %*% U
# Zeta <- diag(zeta)
# Sigma <- Zeta %*% Q %*% Zeta
# Sigma.prior <- dsiw(Q, nu=Data$K+1, S=diag(Data$K), zeta, mu=0, delta=1)
### Examples
x <- dsiw(diag(3), 4, diag(3), runif(3), rep(0,3), rep(1,3), log=TRUE)
x <- rsiw(4, diag(3), rep(0,3), rep(1,3))


[Package LaplacesDemon version 16.1.6 Index]