dist.HalfNormal {LaplacesDemon} R Documentation

## Half-Normal Distribution

### Description

These functions provide the density, distribution function, quantile function, and random generation for the half-normal distribution.

### Usage

dhalfnorm(x, scale=sqrt(pi/2), log=FALSE)
phalfnorm(q, scale=sqrt(pi/2), lower.tail=TRUE, log.p=FALSE)
qhalfnorm(p, scale=sqrt(pi/2), lower.tail=TRUE, log.p=FALSE)
rhalfnorm(n, scale=sqrt(pi/2))


### Arguments

 x, q These are each a vector of quantiles. p This is a vector of probabilities. n This is the number of observations, which must be a positive integer that has length 1. scale This is the scale parameter \sigma, which must be positive. log, log.p Logical. If log=TRUE, then the logarithm of the density or result is returned. lower.tail Logical. If lower.tail=TRUE (default), probabilities are Pr[X \le x], otherwise, Pr[X > x].

### Details

• Application: Continuous Univariate

• Density: p(\theta) = \frac{2 \sigma}{\pi} \exp(-\frac{\theta^2 \sigma^2}{\pi}), \quad \theta \ge 0

• Inventor: Derived from the normal or Gaussian

• Notation 1: \theta \sim \mathcal{HN}(\sigma)

• Notation 2: p(\theta) = \mathcal{HN}(\theta | \sigma)

• Parameter 1: scale parameter \sigma > 0

• Mean: E(\theta) = \frac{1}{\sigma}

• Variance: var(\theta) = \frac{\pi-2}{2 \sigma^2}

• Mode: mode(\theta) = 0

The half-normal distribution is recommended as a weakly informative prior distribution for a scale parameter that may be useful as an alternative to the half-Cauchy, half-t, or vague gamma.

### Value

dhalfnorm gives the density, phalfnorm gives the distribution function, qhalfnorm gives the quantile function, and rhalfnorm generates random deviates.

dnorm, dnormp, and dnormv.

### Examples

library(LaplacesDemon)
x <- dhalfnorm(1)
x <- phalfnorm(1)
x <- qhalfnorm(0.5)
x <- rhalfnorm(10)

#Plot Probability Functions
x <- seq(from=0.1, to=20, by=0.1)
plot(x, dhalfnorm(x,0.1), ylim=c(0,1), type="l", main="Probability Function",
ylab="density", col="red")
lines(x, dhalfnorm(x,0.5), type="l", col="green")
lines(x, dhalfnorm(x,1), type="l", col="blue")
legend(2, 0.9, expression(sigma==0.1, sigma==0.5, sigma==1),
lty=c(1,1,1), col=c("red","green","blue"))


[Package LaplacesDemon version 16.1.6 Index]