subplot {Hmisc}  R Documentation 
Embed a new plot within an existing plot
Description
Subplot will embed a new plot within an existing plot at the coordinates specified (in user units of the existing plot).
Usage
subplot(fun, x, y, size=c(1,1), vadj=0.5, hadj=0.5, pars=NULL)
Arguments
fun 
an expression or function defining the new plot to be embedded. 
x 

y 

size 
The size of the embedded plot in inches if 
vadj 
vertical adjustment of the plot when 
hadj 
horizontal adjustment of the plot when 
pars 
a list of parameters to be passed to 
Details
The coordinates x
and y
can be scalars or vectors of
length 2. If vectors of length 2 then they determine the opposite
corners of the rectangle for the embedded plot (and the parameters
size
, vadj
, and hadj
are all ignored.
If x
and y
are given as scalars then the plot position
relative to the point and the size of the plot will be determined by
the arguments size
, vadj
, and hadj
. The default
is to center a 1 inch by 1 inch plot at x,y
. Setting
vadj
and hadj
to (0,0)
will position the lower
left corner of the plot at (x,y)
.
The rectangle defined by x
, y
, size
, vadj
,
and hadj
will be used as the plotting area of the new plot.
Any tick marks, axis labels, main and sub titles will be outside of
this rectangle.
Any graphical parameter settings that you would like to be in place
before fun
is evaluated can be specified in the pars
argument (warning: specifying layout parameters here (plt
,
mfrow
, etc.) may cause unexpected results).
After the function completes the graphical parameters will have been reset to what they were before calling the function (so you can continue to augment the original plot).
Value
An invisible list with the graphical parameters that were in effect
when the subplot was created. Passing this list to par
will
enable you to augment the embedded plot.
Author(s)
Greg Snow greg.snow@imail.org
See Also
Examples
# make an original plot
plot( 11:20, sample(51:60) )
# add some histograms
subplot( hist(rnorm(100)), 15, 55)
subplot( hist(runif(100),main='',xlab='',ylab=''), 11, 51, hadj=0, vadj=0)
subplot( hist(rexp(100, 1/3)), 20, 60, hadj=1, vadj=1, size=c(0.5,2) )
subplot( hist(rt(100,3)), c(12,16), c(57,59), pars=list(lwd=3,ask=FALSE) )
tmp < rnorm(25)
qqnorm(tmp)
qqline(tmp)
tmp2 < subplot( hist(tmp,xlab='',ylab='',main=''),
cnvrt.coords(0.1,0.9,'plt')$usr, vadj=1, hadj=0 )
abline(v=0, col='red') # wrong way to add a reference line to histogram
# right way to add a reference line to histogram
op < par(no.readonly=TRUE)
par(tmp2)
abline(v=0, col='green')
par(op)