Date3to1 {Ecfun}R Documentation

Convert three YMD vectors to a Date


Given a data.frame with 3 columns, assume they represent Year, Month and Day and return a vector of class Date.


Date3to1(data, default='Start')



a data.frame with 3 columns assumed to represent Year, Month and Day.


A character string to indicate how missing months and days should be treated. If the first letter is "S" or "s", the default month will be 1 and the default day will be 1. Otherwise, "End" is assumed, for which the default month will be 12 and the default day will be the last day of the month.

NOTE: Any number outside the range of 1 to the last day of the month is considered missing and its subscript is noted in the optional attribute "missing".


The data sets from the Correlates of War project include dates coded in triples of columns with names like

c("StartMonth1", "StartDay1", "StartYear1", "EndMonth1", ..., "EndYear2").

This function will accept one triple and translate it into a vector of class Date.


Returns an object of class Date with an optional attribute missing giving the indices of any elements with missing months or days, for which a default month or day was supplied.


Spencer Graves

See Also



date.frame <- data.frame(Year=c(NA, -1, 1971:1979), 
      Month=c(1:2, -1, NA, 13, 2, 12, 6:9), 
      Day=c(0, 0:6, NA, -1, 32) )
DateVecS <- Date3to1(date.frame)
DateVecE <- Date3to1(date.frame, "End")
# check 
na <- c(1:5, 9:11)
DateVs <- as.Date(c(NA, NA, 
  '1971-01-01', '1972-01-01', '1973-01-01', 
  '1974-02-04', '1975-12-05', '1976-06-06', 
  '1977-07-01', '1978-08-01', '1979-09-01') ) 
DateVe <- as.Date(c(NA, NA, 
  '1971-12-31', '1972-12-31', '1973-12-31', 
  '1974-02-04', '1975-12-05', '1976-06-06', 
  '1977-07-31', '1978-08-31', '1979-09-30') ) 

attr(DateVs, 'missing') <- na
attr(DateVe, 'missing') <- na

all.equal(DateVecS, DateVs)

all.equal(DateVecE, DateVe)

[Package Ecfun version 0.3-2 Index]