NormalVaRPlot2DCL {Dowd}R Documentation

Plots normal VaR against confidence level


Plots the VaR of a portfolio against confidence level assuming that P/L are normally distributed, for specified confidence level and holding period.





The input arguments contain either return data or else mean and standard deviation data. Accordingly, number of input arguments is either 3 or 4. In case there are 3 input arguments, the mean and standard deviation of data is computed from return data. See examples for details.

returns Vector of daily geometric return data

mu Mean of daily geometric return data

sigma Standard deviation of daily geometric return data

cl VaR confidence level and must be a vector

hp VaR holding period and must be a scalar


Dinesh Acharya


Dowd, K. Measuring Market Risk, Wiley, 2007.


# Plots VaR against confidene level given P/L data
   data <- runif(5, min = 0, max = .2)
   NormalVaRPlot2DCL(returns = data, cl = seq(.85,.99,.01), hp = 60)

   # Computes VaR against confidence level given mean and standard deviation of return data
   NormalVaRPlot2DCL(mu = .012, sigma = .03, cl = seq(.85,.99,.01), hp = 40)

[Package Dowd version 0.12 Index]