plot.DHARMa {DHARMa}R Documentation

DHARMa standard residual plots

Description

This S3 function creates standard plots for the simulated residuals contained in an object of class DHARMa, using plotQQunif (left panel) and plotResiduals (right panel)

Usage

## S3 method for class 'DHARMa'
plot(x, ...)

Arguments

x

an object of class DHARMa with simulated residuals created by simulateResiduals

...

further options for plotResiduals. Consider in particular parameters quantreg, rank and asFactor. xlab, ylab and main cannot be changed when using plot.DHARMa, but can be changed when using plotResiduals.

Details

The function creates a plot with two panels. The left panel is a uniform qq plot (calling plotQQunif), and the right panel shows residuals against predicted values (calling plotResiduals), with outliers highlighted in red.

Very briefly, we would expect that a correctly specified model shows:

a) a straight 1-1 line, as well as n.s. of the displayed tests in the qq-plot (left) -> evidence for an the correct overall residual distribution (for more details on the interpretation of this plot, see plotQQunif)

b) visual homogeneity of residuals in both vertical and horizontal direction, as well as n.s. of quantile tests in the res ~ predictor plot (for more details on the interpretation of this plot, see plotResiduals)

Deviations from these expectations can be interpreted similar to a linear regression. See the vignette for detailed examples.

Note that, unlike plotResiduals, plot.DHARMa command uses the default rank = T.

See Also

plotResiduals, plotQQunif

Examples

testData = createData(sampleSize = 200, family = poisson(), 
                      randomEffectVariance = 1, numGroups = 10)
fittedModel <- glm(observedResponse ~ Environment1, 
                   family = "poisson", data = testData)
simulationOutput <- simulateResiduals(fittedModel = fittedModel)

######### main plotting function #############

# for all functions, quantreg = T will be more
# informative, but slower

plot(simulationOutput, quantreg = FALSE)

#############  Distribution  ######################

plotQQunif(simulationOutput = simulationOutput, 
           testDispersion = FALSE,
           testUniformity = FALSE,
           testOutliers = FALSE)

hist(simulationOutput )

#############  residual plots  ###############

# rank transformation, using a simulationOutput
plotResiduals(simulationOutput, rank = TRUE, quantreg = FALSE)

# smooth scatter plot - usually used for large datasets, default for n > 10000
plotResiduals(simulationOutput, rank = TRUE, quantreg = FALSE, smoothScatter = TRUE)

# residual vs predictors, using explicit values for pred, residual 
plotResiduals(simulationOutput, form = testData$Environment1, 
              quantreg = FALSE)

# if pred is a factor, or if asFactor = T, will produce a boxplot
plotResiduals(simulationOutput, form = testData$group)

# All these options can also be provided to the main plotting function

# If you want to plot summaries per group, use
simulationOutput = recalculateResiduals(simulationOutput, group = testData$group)
plot(simulationOutput, quantreg = FALSE) 
# we see one residual point per RE



[Package DHARMa version 0.4.3 Index]