hist.POSIXt {graphics}R Documentation

Histogram of a Date or Date-Time Object

Description

Methods for hist applied to date (class "Date") or date-time (class "POSIXt") objects.

Usage

## S3 method for class 'POSIXt'
hist(x, breaks, ...,
     xlab = deparse1(substitute(x)),
     plot = TRUE, freq = FALSE,
     start.on.monday = TRUE, format, right = TRUE)

## S3 method for class 'Date'
hist(x, breaks, ...,
     xlab = deparse1(substitute(x)),
     plot = TRUE, freq = FALSE,
     start.on.monday = TRUE, format, right = TRUE)

Arguments

x

an object inheriting from class "POSIXt" or "Date".

breaks

a vector of cut points or number giving the number of intervals which x is to be cut into or an interval specification, one of "days", "weeks", "months", "quarters" or "years", plus "secs", "mins", "hours" for date-time objects.

...

graphical parameters, or arguments to hist.default such as include.lowest, density and labels.

xlab

a character string giving the label for the x axis, if plotted.

plot

logical. If TRUE (default), a histogram is plotted, otherwise a list of breaks and counts is returned.

freq

logical; if TRUE, the histogram graphic is a representation of frequencies, i.e, the counts component of the result; if FALSE, relative frequencies (probabilities) are plotted.

start.on.monday

logical. If breaks = "weeks", should the week start on Mondays or Sundays?

format

for the x-axis labels. See strptime.

right

logical; if TRUE, the histogram cells are right-closed (left open) intervals.

Details

Note that unlike the default method, breaks is a required argument.

Using breaks = "quarters" will create intervals of 3 calendar months, with the intervals beginning on January 1, April 1, July 1 or October 1, based upon min(x) as appropriate.

With the default right = TRUE, breaks will be set on the last day of the previous period when breaks is "months", "quarters" or "years". Use right = FALSE to set them to the first day of the interval shown in each bar.

Value

An object of class "histogram": see hist.

See Also

seq.POSIXt, axis.POSIXct, hist

Examples

hist(.leap.seconds, "years", freq = TRUE)
brks <- seq(ISOdate(1970, 1, 1), ISOdate(2030, 1, 1), "5 years")
hist(.leap.seconds, brks)
rug(.leap.seconds, lwd=2)
## show that  'include.lowest' "works"
stopifnot(identical(c(2L, rep(1L,11)),
   hist(brks, brks, plot=FALSE, include.lowest=TRUE )$counts))
tools::assertError(verbose=TRUE, ##--> 'breaks' do not span range of 'x'
   hist(brks, brks, plot=FALSE, include.lowest=FALSE))
## The default fuzz in hist.default()  "kills" this, with a "wrong" message:
try ( hist(brks[-13] + 1, brks, include.lowest = FALSE) )
## and decreasing 'fuzz' solves the issue:
hb <- hist(brks[-13] + 1, brks, include.lowest = FALSE, fuzz = 1e-10)
stopifnot(hb$counts == 1)

## 100 random dates in a 10-week period
random.dates <- as.Date("2001/1/1") + 70*stats::runif(100)
hist(random.dates, "weeks", format = "%d %b")

[Package graphics version 4.2.1 Index]