is.finite {base} R Documentation

## Finite, Infinite and NaN Numbers

### Description

is.finite and is.infinite return a vector of the same length as x, indicating which elements are finite (not infinite and not missing) or infinite.

Inf and -Inf are positive and negative infinity whereas NaN means ‘Not a Number’. (These apply to numeric values and real and imaginary parts of complex values but not to values of integer vectors.) Inf and NaN (as well as NA) are reserved words in the R language.

### Usage

is.finite(x)
is.infinite(x)
is.nan(x)

Inf
NaN


### Arguments

 x R object to be tested: the default methods handle atomic vectors.

### Details

is.finite returns a vector of the same length as x the j-th element of which is TRUE if x[j] is finite (i.e., it is not one of the values NA, NaN, Inf or -Inf) and FALSE otherwise. Complex numbers are finite if both the real and imaginary parts are.

is.infinite returns a vector of the same length as x the j-th element of which is TRUE if x[j] is infinite (i.e., equal to one of Inf or -Inf) and FALSE otherwise. This will be false unless x is numeric or complex. Complex numbers are infinite if either the real or the imaginary part is.

is.nan tests if a numeric value is NaN. Do not test equality to NaN, or even use identical, since systems typically have many different NaN values. One of these is used for the numeric missing value NA, and is.nan is false for that value. A complex number is regarded as NaN if either the real or imaginary part is NaN but not NA. All elements of logical, integer and raw vectors are considered not to be NaN.

All three functions accept NULL as input and return a length zero result. The default methods accept character and raw vectors, and return FALSE for all entries. Prior to R version 2.14.0 they accepted all input, returning FALSE for most non-numeric values; cases which are not atomic vectors are now signalled as errors.

All three functions are generic: you can write methods to handle specific classes of objects, see InternalMethods.

### Value

A logical vector of the same length as x: dim, dimnames and names attributes are preserved.

### Note

In R, basically all mathematical functions (including basic Arithmetic), are supposed to work properly with +/- Inf and NaN as input or output.

The basic rule should be that calls and relations with Infs really are statements with a proper mathematical limit.

Computations involving NaN will return NaN or perhaps NA: which of those two is not guaranteed and may depend on the R platform (since compilers may re-order computations).

### References

The IEC 60559 standard, also known as the ANSI/IEEE 754 Floating-Point Standard.

D. Goldberg (1991). What Every Computer Scientist Should Know about Floating-Point Arithmetic. ACM Computing Surveys, 23(1), 5–48. doi:10.1145/103162.103163.
Also available at https://docs.oracle.com/cd/E19957-01/806-3568/ncg_goldberg.html.

The C99 function isfinite is used for is.finite.

NA, ‘Not Available’ which is not a number as well, however usually used for missing values and applies to many modes, not just numeric and complex.

Arithmetic, double.

### Examples

pi / 0 ## = Inf a non-zero number divided by zero creates infinity
0 / 0  ## =  NaN

1/0 + 1/0 # Inf
1/0 - 1/0 # NaN

stopifnot(
1/0 == Inf,
1/Inf == 0
)
sin(Inf)
cos(Inf)
tan(Inf)


[Package base version 4.4.1 Index]