svyratio {survey} R Documentation

## Ratio estimation

### Description

Ratio estimation and estimates of totals based on ratios for complex survey samples. Estimating domain (subpopulation) means can be done more easily with `svymean`.

### Usage

```## S3 method for class 'survey.design2'
svyratio(numerator=formula, denominator,
design,separate=FALSE, na.rm=FALSE,formula, covmat=FALSE,
deff=FALSE,influence=FALSE,...)
## S3 method for class 'svyrep.design'
svyratio(numerator=formula, denominator, design,
na.rm=FALSE,formula, covmat=FALSE,return.replicates=FALSE,deff=FALSE, ...)
## S3 method for class 'twophase'
svyratio(numerator=formula, denominator, design,
separate=FALSE, na.rm=FALSE,formula,...)
## S3 method for class 'svyratio'
predict(object, total, se=TRUE,...)
## S3 method for class 'svyratio_separate'
predict(object, total, se=TRUE,...)
## S3 method for class 'svyratio'
SE(object,...,drop=TRUE)
## S3 method for class 'svyratio'
coef(object,...,drop=TRUE)
## S3 method for class 'svyratio'
confint(object,  parm, level = 0.95,df =Inf,...)
```

### Arguments

 `numerator,formula` formula, expression, or data frame giving numerator variable(s) `denominator` formula, expression, or data frame giving denominator variable(s) `design` survey design object `object` result of `svyratio` `total` vector of population totals for the denominator variables in `object`, or list of vectors of population stratum totals if `separate=TRUE` `se` Return standard errors? `separate` Estimate ratio separately for strata `na.rm` Remove missing values? `covmat` Compute the full variance-covariance matrix of the ratios `deff` Compute design effects `return.replicates` Return replicate estimates of ratios `influence` Return influence functions `drop` Return a vector rather than a matrix `parm` a specification of which parameters are to be given confidence intervals, either a vector of numbers or a vector of names. If missing, all parameters are considered. `level` the confidence level required. `df` degrees of freedom for t-distribution in confidence interval, use `degf(design)` for number of PSUs minus number of strata `...` Other unused arguments for other methods

### Details

The separate ratio estimate of a total is the sum of ratio estimates in each stratum. If the stratum totals supplied in the `total` argument and the strata in the design object both have names these names will be matched. If they do not have names it is important that the sample totals are supplied in the correct order, the same order as shown in the output of `summary(design)`.

When `design` is a two-phase design, stratification will be on the second phase.

### Value

`svyratio` returns an object of class `svyratio`. The `predict` method returns a matrix of population totals and optionally a matrix of standard errors.

Thomas Lumley

### References

Levy and Lemeshow. "Sampling of Populations" (3rd edition). Wiley

`svydesign`

`svymean` for estimating proportions and domain means

`calibrate` for estimators related to the separate ratio estimator.

### Examples

```data(scd)

## survey design objects
scddes<-svydesign(data=scd, prob=~1, id=~ambulance, strata=~ESA,
nest=TRUE, fpc=rep(5,6))
scdnofpc<-svydesign(data=scd, prob=~1, id=~ambulance, strata=~ESA,
nest=TRUE)

# convert to BRR replicate weights
scd2brr <- as.svrepdesign(scdnofpc, type="BRR")

# use BRR replicate weights from Levy and Lemeshow
repweights<-2*cbind(c(1,0,1,0,1,0), c(1,0,0,1,0,1), c(0,1,1,0,0,1),
c(0,1,0,1,1,0))
scdrep<-svrepdesign(data=scd, type="BRR", repweights=repweights)

# ratio estimates
svyratio(~alive, ~arrests, design=scddes)
svyratio(~alive, ~arrests, design=scdnofpc)
svyratio(~alive, ~arrests, design=scd2brr)
svyratio(~alive, ~arrests, design=scdrep)

data(api)
dstrat<-svydesign(id=~1,strata=~stype, weights=~pw, data=apistrat, fpc=~fpc)

## domain means are ratio estimates, but available directly
svyratio(~I(api.stu*(comp.imp=="Yes")), ~as.numeric(comp.imp=="Yes"), dstrat)
svymean(~api.stu, subset(dstrat, comp.imp=="Yes"))

## separate and combined ratio estimates of total
(sep<-svyratio(~api.stu,~enroll, dstrat,separate=TRUE))
(com<-svyratio(~api.stu, ~enroll, dstrat))

stratum.totals<-list(E=1877350, H=1013824, M=920298)

predict(sep, total=stratum.totals)
predict(com, total=sum(unlist(stratum.totals)))

SE(com)
coef(com)
coef(com, drop=FALSE)
confint(com)
```

[Package survey version 4.1-1 Index]