monitor {rstan}R Documentation

Compute summaries of MCMC draws and monitor convergence


Similar to the print method for stanfit objects, but monitor takes an array of simulations as its argument rather than a stanfit object. For a 3-D array (iterations * chains * parameters) of MCMC draws, monitor computes means, standard deviations, quantiles, Monte Carlo standard errors, split Rhats, and effective sample sizes. By default, half of the iterations are considered warmup and are excluded.


monitor(sims, warmup = floor(dim(sims)[1]/2), 
        probs = c(0.025, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 0.975), 
        digits_summary = 1, print = TRUE, ...)
## S3 method for class 'simsummary'
print(x, digits = 3, se = FALSE, ...)
## S3 method for class 'simsummary'
x[i, j, drop = if (missing(i)) TRUE else length(j) == 1]



A 3-D array (iterations * chains * parameters) of MCMC simulations from any MCMC algorithm.


The number of warmup iterations to be excluded when computing the summaries. The default is half of the total number of iterations. If sims doesn't include the warmup iterations then warmup should be set to zero.


A numeric vector specifying quantiles of interest. The defaults is c(0.025,0.25,0.5,0.75,0.975).


The number of significant digits to use when printing the summary, defaulting to 1. Applies to the quantities other than the effective sample size, which is always rounded to the nearest integer.


Logical, indicating whether to print the summary after the computations are performed.


Additional arguments passed to the underlying print method.


An object of class simsummary created by monitor


An integer scalar defaulting to 3 for the number of decimal places to print


A logical scalar defaulting to FALSE indicating whether to print the estimated standard errors of the estimates


A vector indicating which rows of the object created by monitor to select


A vector indicating which columns of the object crated by monitor to select


A logical scalar indicating whether the resulting object should return a vector where possible


A 2-D array with rows corresponding to parameters and columns to the summary statistics that can be printed and subset.


The Stan Development Team Stan Modeling Language User's Guide and Reference Manual.

See Also

S4 class stanfit and particularly its print method.


csvfiles <- dir(system.file('misc', package = 'rstan'),
                pattern = 'rstan_doc_ex_[0-9].csv', full.names = TRUE)
fit <- read_stan_csv(csvfiles)
# The following is just for the purpose of giving an example
# since print can be used for a stanfit object.
monitor(extract(fit, permuted = FALSE, inc_warmup = TRUE))

[Package rstan version 2.32.6 Index]