pois.conf.int {epitools} R Documentation

## Confidence intervals for Poisson counts or rates

### Description

Calculates confidence intervals for Poisson counts or rates

### Usage

pois.exact(x, pt = 1, conf.level = 0.95)
pois.daly(x, pt = 1, conf.level = 0.95)
pois.byar(x, pt = 1, conf.level = 0.95)
pois.approx(x, pt = 1, conf.level = 0.95)


### Arguments

 x count or vector of counts pt person-time at risk (default = 1) or vector of person-times conf.level confidence level (default = 0.95)

### Details

These functions calculate confidence intervals for a Poisson count or rate using an exact method (pois.exact), gamma distribution (pois.daly), Byar's formula (pois.byar), or normal approximation to the Poisson distribution (pois.approx).

To calculate an exact confidence interval for a crude rate (count divided by person-time at risk), set pt equal to the person-time at risk. Both x and pt can be either a number or a vector of numbers.

The pois.daly function gives essentially identical answers to the pois.exact function except when x = 0. When x = 0, for the upper confidence limit pois.exact returns 3.689 and pois.daly returns 2.996.

### Value

This function returns a n x 6 matrix with the following colnames:

 x Poisson count pt person-time at risk rate crude rate = x/pt lower lower confidence interval limit upper upper confidence interval limit conf.level confidence level

### Author(s)

Tomas Aragon, aragon@berkeley.edu, https://repitools.wordpress.com/; with contributions by Francis Dimzon, fdimzon@yahoo.com; with contributions by Scott Nabity, scott.nabity@sfdph.org

### References

Tomas Aragon, et al. Applied Epidemiology Using R. Available at http://www.phdata.science

Leslie Day (1992), "Simple SAS macros for the calculation of exact binomial and Poisson confidence limits." Comput Biol Med, 22(5):351-361

Kenneth Rothman (2002), Epidemiology: An Introduction, Oxford University Press, 1st Edition.

binom.exact

### Examples

pois.exact(1:10)
pois.exact(1:10, 101:110)
pois.daly(1:10)
pois.daly(1:10, 101:110)
pois.byar(1:10)
pois.byar(1:10, 101:110)
pois.approx(1:10)
pois.approx(1:10, 101:110)


[Package epitools version 0.5-10.1 Index]