check_that {ensurer}R Documentation

Ensure Certain Conditions for a Value at Runtime.


Use ensure_that (imperitive form) to ensure conditions for a value "on the fly". The present tense form, ensures_that is used to make reusable "contracts" (functions) which can subsequently be applied to values; see examples below. It is also possible to check (rather than ensure) whether conditions are satisfied; the check_that function works like ensure_that but will return TRUE or FALSE.


check_that(., ...)

check(., ...)

ensure_that(., ..., fail_with = function(e) stop(e), err_desc = "")

ensure(., ..., fail_with = function(e) stop(e), err_desc = "")

ensures_that(..., fail_with = function(e) stop(e), err_desc = "")

ensures(..., fail_with = function(e) stop(e), err_desc = "")



The value which is to be ensured.


conditions which must pass for the ensuring contract to be fulfilled. Any named argument will treated as values available when evaluating the conditions. To reference the value itself use the dot-placeholder, `.`. See 'Details' for some special named arguments.


Either a unary function (accepting a simpleError) or a static value.


A character string with an additional error description.


It is possible to specify custom error message for specific conditions to make them more readable and user-friendly. To do this use a formula condition ~ err.message, where err.message is a single character value.

Existing contracts can be added as a condition argument, which will add the conditions from the existing contract to the new contract (along with any assigned values). To do this use (unary) + to indicate that an argument is a contract. See example below.

It is important to note that a condition is only satisfied if it evaluates to TRUE (tested with isTRUE), i.e. a vector with several TRUEs will fail, so be sure to use all or any in such a case.

The functions ensure ensures, and check are short-hand aliases for their *_that counterparts.


ensures_that returns an ensuring function; ensure_that returns the value itself on success. check_that returns TRUE on success, and FALSE otherwise.


## Not run: 

ensure_that(1:10, is.integer)

# Examples below will use the magrittr pipe

# Create a contract which can ensure that a matrix is square.
ensure_square <- ensures_that(NCOL(.) == NROW(.))

# apply it.
A <-
  diag(4) %>%

# Without the pipe operator:
A <- ensure_square(diag(4))

# Ensure on the fly (this will pass the test)
A <-
  matrix(runif(16), 4, 4) %>%
  ensure_that(ncol(.) == nrow(.), all(. <= 1))

# This will raise an error
A <-
  matrix(NA, 4, 4) %>%
  ensure_that(. %>% anyNA %>% not)

# Tweak failure:
A <-
  1:10 %>%
  ensure_that(all(. < 5), err_desc = "Number tests!")

# A default value for failure situations:
A <-
  1:10 %>%
  ensure_that(all(. < 5), fail_with = NA)

# Suppose you had an email function:
email_err <- function(e) {email(e$message); stop(e)}

A <-
  1:10 %>%
  ensure_that(all(. < 5), fail_with = email_err)

# Two similar contracts, one extending the other.
# Note also that custom message is used for A
A <- ensures_that(all(.) > 0 ~ "Not all values are positive")
B <- ensures_that(!any( ~ "There are missing values", +A)

B(c(-5:5, NA))

## End(Not run)

[Package ensurer version 1.1 Index]