dupree {dupree}R Documentation

Detect code duplication between the code-blocks in a set of files


This function identifies all code-blocks in a set of files and then computes a similarity score between those code-blocks to help identify functions / classes that have a high level of duplication, and could possibly be refactored.


dupree(files, min_block_size = 40, ...)



A set of files over which code-duplication should be measured.


dupree uses a notion of non-trivial symbols. These are the symbols / code-words that remain after filtering out really common symbols like <-, ,, etc. After filtering out these symbols from each code-block, only those blocks containing at least min_block_size symbols are used in the inter-block code-duplication measurement.


Unused at present.


Code-blocks under a size threshold are disregarded before analysis (the size threshold is controlled by min_block_size); and only top-level code blocks are considered.

Every sufficiently large code-block in the input files will be present in the results at least once. If code-block X and code-block Y are present in a row of the resulting data-frame, then either X is the closest match to Y, or Y is the closest match to X (or possibly both) according to the similarity score; as such, some code-blocks may be present multiple times in the results.

Similarity between code-blocks is calculated using the longest-common-subsequence (lcs) measure from the package stringdist. This measure is applied to a tokenised version of the code-blocks. That is, each function name / operator / variable in the code blocks is converted to a unique integer so that a code-block can be represented as a vector of integers and the lcs measure is applied to each pair of these vectors.


A tibble. Each row in the table summarises the comparison between two code-blocks (block 'a' and block 'b') in the input files. Each code-block in the pair is indicated by: i) the file (file_a / file_b) that contains it; ii) its position within that file (block_a / block_b; 1 being the first code-block in a given file); and iii) the line where that code-block starts in that file (line_a / line_b). The pairs of code-blocks are ordered by decreasing similarity. Any match that is returned is either the top hit for block 'a' or for block 'b' (or both).


# To quantify duplication between the top-level code-blocks in a file
example_file <- system.file("extdata", "duplicated.R", package = "dupree")
dup <- dupree(example_file, min_block_size = 10)

# For the block-pair with the highest duplication, we print the first four
# lines:
readLines(example_file)[dup$line_a[1] + c(0:3)]
readLines(example_file)[dup$line_b[1] + c(0:3)]

# The code-blocks in the example file are rather small, so if
# `min_block_size` is too large, none of the code-blocks will be analysed
# and the results will be empty:
dupree(example_file, min_block_size = 40)

[Package dupree version 0.3.0 Index]