Cauchy-class {distr} R Documentation

## Class "Cauchy"

### Description

The Cauchy distribution with location l, by default =0, and scale s , by default =1,has density

f(x) = \frac{1}{\pi s} \left( 1 + \left(\frac{x - l}{s}\right)^2 \right)^{-1}% 

for all x. C.f. rcauchy

### Objects from the Class

Objects can be created by calls of the form Cauchy(location, scale). This object is a Cauchy distribution.

### Slots

img

Object of class "Reals": The domain of this distribution has got dimension 1 and the name "Real Space".

param

Object of class "CauchyParameter": the parameter of this distribution (location and scale), declared at its instantiation

r

Object of class "function": generates random numbers (calls function rcauchy)

d

Object of class "function": density function (calls function dcauchy)

p

Object of class "function": cumulative function (calls function pcauchy)

q

Object of class "function": inverse of the cumulative function (calls function qcauchy)

.withArith

logical: used internally to issue warnings as to interpretation of arithmetics

.withSim

logical: used internally to issue warnings as to accuracy

.logExact

logical: used internally to flag the case where there are explicit formulae for the log version of density, cdf, and quantile function

.lowerExact

logical: used internally to flag the case where there are explicit formulae for the lower tail version of cdf and quantile function

Symmetry

object of class "DistributionSymmetry"; used internally to avoid unnecessary calculations.

### Extends

Class "AbscontDistribution", directly.
Class "UnivariateDistribution", by class "AbscontDistribution".
Class "Distribution", by class "AbscontDistribution".

### Is-Relations

By means of setIs, R “knows” that a distribution object obj of class "Cauchy" with location 0 and scale 1 also is a T distribution with parameters df = 1, ncp = 0.

### Methods

initialize

signature(.Object = "Cauchy"): initialize method

location

signature(object = "Cauchy"): returns the slot location of the parameter of the distribution

location<-

signature(object = "Cauchy"): modifies the slot location of the parameter of the distribution

scale

signature(object = "Cauchy"): returns the slot scale of the parameter of the distribution

scale<-

signature(object = "Cauchy"): modifies the slot scale of the parameter of the distribution

+

signature(e1 = "Cauchy", e2 = "Cauchy"): For the Cauchy distribution the exact convolution formula is implemented thereby improving the general numerical approximation.

*

signature(e1 = "Cauchy", e2 = "numeric")

+

signature(e1 = "Cauchy", e2 = "numeric"): For the Cauchy location scale family we use its closedness under affine linear transformations.

further arithmetic methods see operators-methods

### Author(s)

Thomas Stabla statho3@web.de,
Florian Camphausen fcampi@gmx.de,
Peter Ruckdeschel peter.ruckdeschel@uni-oldenburg.de,
Matthias Kohl Matthias.Kohl@stamats.de

CauchyParameter-class AbscontDistribution-class Reals-class rcauchy

### Examples

C <- Cauchy(location = 1, scale = 1) # C is a Cauchy distribution with location=1 and scale=1.
r(C)(1) # one random number generated from this distribution, e.g. 4.104603
d(C)(1) # Density of this distribution is 0.3183099 for x=1.
p(C)(1) # Probability that x<1 is 0.5.
q(C)(.1) # Probability that x<-2.077684 is 0.1.
## in RStudio or Jupyter IRKernel, use q.l(.)(.) instead of q(.)(.)
location(C) # location of this distribution is 1.
location(C) <- 2 # location of this distribution is now 2.
is(C,"Td") # no
C0 <- Cauchy() # standard, i.e. location = 0, scale = 1
is(C0,"Td") # yes
as(C0,"Td")


[Package distr version 2.9.3 Index]