hci {demcon}R Documentation

Horizontal Constraints Index (HCI)

Description

Calculate the horizontal constraints index defined by Fjelde et al. (2021).

Usage

hci(vdem, append = FALSE)

Arguments

vdem

A data.frame of V-Dem data containing the required variables.

append

Logical indicating whether to return the original data.frame with hci. If set to FALSE, the function returns a numeric vector of hci scores.

Details

Source

The horizontal constraints index specified in this function were developed by Fjelde et al. (2021) in:

Fjelde, H., Knutsen, C. H. & Nygård, H. M. 2021. Which Institutions Matter? Re-Considering the Democratic Civil Peace. International Studies Quarterly 65, 223–237, doi:10.1093/isq/sqaa076.

The Index

Horizontal constraints (HCI) represent checks and balances on centralized executive power. These include constraints put in place by executive and judicial branches of government. Horizontal constraints mainly serve the interests of non-governmental elites by protecting their interests against an uncontrolled executive.

Methods

The Horizontal Constraints Index represents a simple arithmetic mean (see of V-Dem's legislative constraints (v2xlg_legcon) and judicial constraints variables (v2x_jucon).

Value

A numeric vector of the horizontal constraints index.

See Also

vci(), vdem_vci_hci

Examples


vdem <- demcon::get_vdem()

vdem$hci<-demcon::hci(vdem, append = FALSE)


[Package demcon version 0.3.0 Index]