code {decoder}R Documentation

Decode codes to plain text (and vice versa)


Translate coded values into meaningful plain text (or reversed).


code(y, keyvalue, verbose = TRUE)

decode(x, ...)

## S3 method for class 'data.frame'
decode(x, ...)

## Default S3 method:
decode(x, keyvalue, extra_functions = NULL, exact = FALSE, ...)



value to be coded (to be matched against the value element) in a keyvalue object.


either a name (as character string) of a package internal keyvalue object, or a user defined keyvalue object (see as.keyvalue).


(only for code) can be set to FALSE to avoid a printed message to the console if an error occur (TRUE as default).


object to decode. Either a key vector to be matched against the key column in keyvalue, or a data.frame (see section object.




is a list of functions (or names of functions as character vector) to be applied to the decoded data after decoding (see section "extra_functions" below).


Should x have an exact match from the key? Default is FALSE. When FALSE, x might be transformed to fit the key (punctuation might be removed, upper case changed to lower case or vice versa and strings that are too long might be substringed). (code only accept exact matches.)



See the vignette for a longer introduction to the package: vignette("decoder")

If x is a data.frame, all column names of x are matched to attribute standard_var_names for all keyvalue objects in the package (see list_keyvalues()). If the column name is a standard name used for a coding, the corresponding keyvalue object is used to decode the column and to add an extra column to x with its original name with suffix _Beskrivning. This is done for all identified columns.


The relationship between the key and the value in a keyvalue object is either 1:1 or m:1. The mapping is straight forward for 1:1 but with m:1, different applications might require slightly different groupings of the keys. One solution is to have several versions of the keyvalue object. Another (which we prefer) is to use the same keyvalue object (if possible) but to call one or several extra function(s) to further process the result. These functions are either built in package functions that should be called by quoted names or user defined functions that can be called by either quoted or unquoted names (if available in the current environment). Note that the order of the functions could matter since they are called in turn (the output from the first function is passed as input to the second function etc).

Standard functions and how to use them:

To use with sjukvardsomrade:


The default classification used in sjukvardsomrade is to make Kungalv a region of its own. Use this function if Kungalv should be included in Fyrbodal. See example section below.


As kungalv2Fyrbodal but classifies Kungalv as a part of Storgoteborg.


Give the area names with correct Swedish spelling (including spaces). This is not as default due to compatibility reasons and because names with spaces must be back-ticked when referred to.

To use with region


Exclude the prefix 'Region' from the region names, hence 'Syd' instead of 'Region Syd' etcetera.


Erik Bulow

See Also

keyvalue, extra_functions


KON_VALUE <- sample(1:2, 20, replace = TRUE)
(kon <- decode(KON_VALUE, decoder::kon))
code(kon, decoder::kon)

# Get a sample of Snomed-codes (in the real world we obviously avoid this step) ...
snomed2 <- sample(decoder::snomed$key, 30, replace = TRUE)
# ... then decode them:
(snomed3 <- decode(snomed2, "snomed"))

# Health care regions can be defined in more than one way
# By default Kungalv define a region of its own:
healtcare_areas_west <- sample(unlist(decoder::sjukvardsomrade), 100, replace = TRUE)
(areas <- decode(healtcare_areas_west, "sjukvardsomrade"))

# But if we want Kungalv to be a part of Storgoteborg
# (which is common practice for example with lung cancer data):
(areas2 <- decode(healtcare_areas_west, "sjukvardsomrade", "kungalv2Storgoteborg"))

# We can also combine several extra_functions if we for example
# also want the area names with correct Swedish spelling.
(areas3 <- decode(healtcare_areas_west, "sjukvardsomrade", c("kungalv2Storgoteborg", "real_names")))

# The region names can be both with and without prefix:
regs <- sample(6, 10, replace = TRUE)
decode(regs, "region") # With prefix
decode(regs, "region", "short_region_names") # without prefix

# Note that only the first four digits of the LKF-code were used abowe?
# What if we use the full LKF-code?
lkfs <- sample(decoder::forsamling$key, 100, replace = TRUE)
decode(lkfs, "sjukvardsomrade")
# That work's just as fine when argument exact = FALSE (which it is by default).

# decode can also be used for data.frames with recognised column names
d <- data.frame(
     kon = sample(1:2, 10, replace = TRUE), 
     sex = sample(1:2, 10, replace = TRUE),
     lkf = sample(decoder::hemort$key, 10, replace = TRUE)

[Package decoder version 1.2.2 Index]