svywattsdec {convey} R Documentation

## Watts poverty index decomposition (EXPERIMENTAL)

### Description

Estimate the Watts (1968) poverty measure and its components

### Usage

svywattsdec(formula, design, ...)

## S3 method for class 'survey.design'
svywattsdec(
formula,
design,
type_thresh = "abs",
abs_thresh = NULL,
percent = 0.6,
quantiles = 0.5,
na.rm = FALSE,
thresh = FALSE,
...
)

## S3 method for class 'svyrep.design'
svywattsdec(
formula,
design,
type_thresh = "abs",
abs_thresh = NULL,
percent = 0.6,
quantiles = 0.5,
na.rm = FALSE,
thresh = FALSE,
...
)

## S3 method for class 'DBIsvydesign'
svywattsdec(formula, design, ...)


### Arguments

 formula a formula specifying the income variable design a design object of class survey.design or class svyrep.design from the survey library. ... additional arguments. Currently not used. type_thresh type of poverty threshold. If "abs" the threshold is fixed and given the value of abs_thresh; if "relq" it is given by percent times the quantile; if "relm" it is percent times the mean. abs_thresh poverty threshold value if type_thresh is "abs" percent the multiple of the the quantile or mean used in the poverty threshold definition quantiles the quantile used used in the poverty threshold definition na.rm Should cases with missing values be dropped? thresh return the poverty threshold value

### Details

you must run the convey_prep function on your survey design object immediately after creating it with the svydesign or svrepdesign function.

### Value

Object of class "cvydstat", with estimates for the Watts index, FGT(0), Watts Poverty Gap Ratio, and Theil(poor incomes) with a "var" attribute giving the variance-covariance matrix. A "statistic" attribute giving the name of the statistic.

### Note

This function is experimental and is subject to change in later versions.

### Author(s)

Guilherme Jacob, Djalma Pessoa and Anthony Damico

### References

McKinley L. Blackburn (1989). Poverty measurement: an index related to a Theil measure of inequality. Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, Vol.7, No.4, pp. 475-481, URL https://amstat.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/07350015.1989.10509760.

Satya R. Chakravarty, Joseph Deutsch and Jacques Silber (2008). On the Watts multidimensional poverty index and its decomposition. World Development, Vol.36, No.6, pp.1067-1077.

Harold W. Watts (1968). An economic definition of poverty. Institute For Research on Poverty Discussion Papers, n.5. University of Wisconsin. URL https://www.irp.wisc.edu/publications/dps/pdfs/dp568.pdf.

Guillaume Osier (2009). Variance estimation for complex indicators of poverty and inequality. Journal of the European Survey Research Association, Vol.3, No.3, pp. 167-195, ISSN 1864-3361, URL https://ojs.ub.uni-konstanz.de/srm/article/view/369.

Jean-Claude Deville (1999). Variance estimation for complex statistics and estimators: linearization and residual techniques. Survey Methodology, 25, 193-203, URL https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/en/catalogue/12-001-X19990024882.

svywatts,svyfgt,svyfgt

### Examples

library(survey)
library(laeken)
data(eusilc) ; names( eusilc ) <- tolower( names( eusilc ) )

# linearized design

des_eusilc <- svydesign( ids = ~rb030 , strata = ~db040 ,  weights = ~rb050 , data = eusilc )
des_eusilc <- convey_prep( des_eusilc )

# replicate-weighted design
des_eusilc_rep <- as.svrepdesign( des_eusilc , type = "bootstrap" )
des_eusilc_rep <- convey_prep( des_eusilc_rep )

# absolute poverty threshold
svywattsdec(~eqincome, des_eusilc, abs_thresh=10000)
# poverty threshold equal to arpt
svywattsdec(~eqincome, des_eusilc, type_thresh= "relq" , thresh = TRUE)
# poverty threshold equal to 0.6 times the mean
svywattsdec(~eqincome, des_eusilc, type_thresh= "relm" , thresh = TRUE)

#  using svrep.design:
# absolute poverty threshold
svywattsdec(~eqincome, des_eusilc_rep, abs_thresh=10000)
# poverty threshold equal to arpt
svywattsdec(~eqincome, des_eusilc_rep, type_thresh= "relq" , thresh = TRUE)
# poverty threshold equal to 0.6 times the mean
svywattsdec(~eqincome, des_eusilc_rep, type_thresh= "relm" , thresh = TRUE)

## Not run:

# database-backed design
library(RSQLite)
library(DBI)
dbfile <- tempfile()
conn <- dbConnect( RSQLite::SQLite() , dbfile )
dbWriteTable( conn , 'eusilc' , eusilc )

dbd_eusilc <-
svydesign(
ids = ~rb030 ,
strata = ~db040 ,
weights = ~rb050 ,
data="eusilc",
dbname=dbfile,
dbtype="SQLite"
)

dbd_eusilc <- convey_prep( dbd_eusilc )

# absolute poverty threshold
svywattsdec(~eqincome, dbd_eusilc, abs_thresh=10000)
# poverty threshold equal to arpt
svywattsdec(~eqincome, dbd_eusilc, type_thresh= "relq" , thresh = TRUE)
# poverty threshold equal to 0.6 times the mean
svywattsdec(~eqincome, dbd_eusilc, type_thresh= "relm" , thresh = TRUE)

dbRemoveTable( conn , 'eusilc' )

dbDisconnect( conn , shutdown = TRUE )

## End(Not run)



[Package convey version 0.2.5 Index]