LinUCBGeneralPolicy {contextual}R Documentation

Policy: LinUCB with unique linear models


Algorithm 1 LinUCB with unique linear models A Contextual-Bandit Approach to Personalized News Article Recommendation


Lihong Li et all

Each time step t, LinUCBGeneralPolicy runs a linear regression per arm that produces coefficients for each context feature d. It then observes the new context, and generates a predicted payoff or reward together with a confidence interval for each available arm. It then proceeds to choose the arm with the highest upper confidence bound.


policy <- LinUCBGeneralPolicy(alpha = 1.0)



double, a positive real value R+; Hyper-parameter adjusting the balance between exploration and exploitation.


character string specifying this policy. name is, among others, saved to the History log and displayed in summaries and plots.



d*d identity matrix


a zero vector of length d


new(alpha = 1)

Generates a new LinUCBGeneralPolicy object. Arguments are defined in the Argument section above.


each policy needs to assign the parameters it wants to keep track of to list self$theta_to_arms that has to be defined in set_parameters()'s body. The parameters defined here can later be accessed by arm index in the following way: theta[[index_of_arm]]$parameter_name


here, a policy decides which arm to choose, based on the current values of its parameters and, potentially, the current context.

set_reward(reward, context)

in set_reward(reward, context), a policy updates its parameter values based on the reward received, and, potentially, the current context.


Li, L., Chu, W., Langford, J., & Schapire, R. E. (2010, April). A contextual-bandit approach to personalized news article recommendation. In Proceedings of the 19th international conference on World wide web (pp. 661-670). ACM.

See Also

Core contextual classes: Bandit, Policy, Simulator, Agent, History, Plot

Bandit subclass examples: BasicBernoulliBandit, ContextualLogitBandit, OfflineReplayEvaluatorBandit

Policy subclass examples: EpsilonGreedyPolicy, ContextualLinTSPolicy

[Package contextual version Index]