duration-helper {clock}R Documentation

Construct a duration


These helpers construct durations of the specified precision. Durations represent units of time.

Durations are separated into two categories:



Calendrical durations are generally used when manipulating calendar types, like year-month-day. Chronological durations are generally used when working with time points, like sys-time or naive-time.


duration_years(n = integer())

duration_quarters(n = integer())

duration_months(n = integer())

duration_weeks(n = integer())

duration_days(n = integer())

duration_hours(n = integer())

duration_minutes(n = integer())

duration_seconds(n = integer())

duration_milliseconds(n = integer())

duration_microseconds(n = integer())

duration_nanoseconds(n = integer())




The number of units of time to use when creating the duration.


A duration of the specified precision.

Internal Representation

Durations are internally represented as an integer number of "ticks" along with a ratio describing how it converts to a number of seconds. The following duration ratios are used in clock:

A duration of 1 year is defined to correspond to the average length of a proleptic Gregorian year, i.e. 365.2425 days.

A duration of 1 month is defined as exactly 1/12 of a year.

A duration of 1 quarter is defined as exactly 1/4 of a year.

A duration of 1 week is defined as exactly 7 days.

These conversions come into play when doing operations like adding or flooring durations. Generally, you add two calendrical durations together to get a new calendrical duration, rather than adding a calendrical and a chronological duration together. The one exception is duration_cast(), which can cast durations to any other precision, with a potential loss of information.



[Package clock version 0.6.1 Index]