gcdg_jam_stunted {childdevdata}R Documentation

Jamaica, stunted growth: gcdg_jam_stunted


A dataset with developmental scores at the item level for 159 unique children aged 0.75-4.2 years, three waves.




A data.frame with 477 rows and 290 variables:

Name Type Label
ctrcd chr Country code (ISO 3166-1 alpha-3)
cohort chr Cohort name
cohortn chr Cohort number
subjid int Child number
agedays int Age (days)
sex chr Either "male" or "female"
gagebrth int Gestational age (days)
gricgd008 0/1 Claps cube put in hand
gricgd009 0/1 Reaches to Paper III - Pulls it away
gricgd010 0/1 Shows interest in box
gricgd011 0/1 (Performance) Holds 2 cubes.
gricgd012 0/1 (Performance) Takes cube or toy from table
gricgd013 0/1 (Performance) Passes toy from hand to hand
gricgd014 0/1 Drops one cube for third
gricgd015 0/1 Manipulates 2 objects at once
gricgd016 0/1 Reacts to Paper IV - Plays with, crumbles, etc.
gricgd017 0/1 Lifts inverted cup in search of toy
gricgd018 0/1 Rattles box
gricgd019 0/1 Lifts lid off box
gricgd020 0/1 (Performance) Clicks 2 bricks together
gricgd021 0/1 Tries to take cubes out of box
gricgd022 0/1 Finds toy under cup
gricgd023 0/1 (Performance) Accepts 3rd cube without dropping
gricgd024 0/1 Manipulates box, lid and cubes
gricgd201 0/1 Remove both cubes from box (shown)
gricgd202 0/1 Unwraps and finds toy
gricgd203 0/1 One circle board - 2 trials
gricgd204 0/1 Opens 2 boxes
gricgd205 0/1 Puts cubes in and out of boxes in play
gricgd206 0/1 Puts 2 cubes back into one box when encouraged to do so
gricgd207 0/1 Two circle board - one in
gricgd208 0/1 Square board - 2 trials
gricgd209 0/1 Two circle board - two in
gricgd210 0/1 Can put lid back on box
gricgd211 0/1 (Performance) Three hole board - one in.
gricgd212 0/1 Puts 2 cubes into box lid on - all complete
gricgd213 0/1 Circle and square board together
gricgd214 0/1 Three-hole board - two in
gricgd215 0/1 (Performance) Three-hole board - three in.
gricgd216 0/1 Two circle board, rotated
gricgd217 0/1 Circle and square board rotated
gricgd218 0/1 (credit as 2 items)
gricgd219 0/1 Assembles three boxes
gricgd220 0/1 (credit as 2 items)
gricgd221 0/1 Can open screw toy
gricgd222 0/1 (Performance) Can open screw toy (credit as two items)
gricgd223 0/1 Three-hole board, rotated
gricgd224 0/1 (Performance) Three-hole board, rotated (credit as two items
gricgd301 0/1 Reassembles screw toy
gricgd302 0/1 Returns 9 bricks to box and replaces lid within one minute
gricgd303 0/1 Four-squares board completed within one minute - 2 trials
gricgd304 0/1 Six-hole board completed within one minute - 2 trials
gricgd305 0/1 Four-squares board: (40 secs).
gricgd306 0/1 Six-hole board: (40 secs).
gricgd401 0/1 Returns 9 bricks to box and replaces lid within 40 seconds
gricgd402 0/1 (Performance) Builds bridge with 3 boxes - inferior model bu
gricgd403 0/1 Assembles brick-boxes by colour - no error
gricgd404 0/1 Four-squares board: (15 secs)
gricgd405 0/1 Train under bridge successfully
gricgd406 0/1 Eleven-hole board (within 60 secs) Time taken (.....)
gricgd501 0/1 Six-hole board within (20 seconds)
gricgd502 0/1 Builds bridge - superior model
gricgd504 0/1 Builds gate to model
gricgd603 0/1 Ten-brick Memory Stairs (Imitation)
griehd005 0/1 Follows a bell-ring - vomed in a complete circle
griehd007 0/1 Watches objects pulled along by string
griehd008 0/1 Visually explores new environment
griehd009 0/1 Reaches for ring and grasps
griehd010 0/1 Secures dangling ring
griehd011 0/1 Hands explore table surface
griehd012 0/1 Plays with ring - shaking bells, banging, etc.
griehd013 0/1 (Eye and Hand Co-ordination) Looks for falling object
griehd014 0/1 Strikes one object with another
griehd015 0/1 (Eye and Hand Co-ordination) Forefinger and thumb partly spe
griehd016 0/1 (Eye and Hand Co-ordination) Secures ring by means of strin
griehd017 0/1 (Eye and Hand Co-ordination) Fine prehension.
griehd018 0/1 (Eye and Hand Co-ordination) Dangles ring by the string
griehd019 0/1 Throws object
griehd020 0/1 (Eye and Hand Co-ordination) Thumb opposition complete.
griehd021 0/1 (Eye and Hand Co-ordination) Can point with index finger.
griehd022 0/1 Interest in motor car
griehd023 0/1 (Eye and Hand Co-ordination) Can hold pencil as if to mark o
griehd024 0/1 Likes holding little toys
griehd201 0/1 Uses pencil on paper a little
griehd202 0/1 Shows preference for one hand
griehd203 0/1 Plays rolling a ball
griehd204 0/1 Can hold 4 cubes in hands at once
griehd205 0/1 (Eye and Hand Co-ordination) Plays pushing little cars along
griehd206 0/1 Places one box, lid or brick upon another
griehd207 0/1 (Eye and Hand Co-ordination) Tower of 2 bricks - imitation.
griehd208 0/1 (Eye and Hand Co-ordination) Pulls paper or cloth to get toy
griehd209 0/1 (Eye and Hand Co-ordination) Scribbles more freely, and deli
griehd210 0/1 Constructive play with boxes or other materials
griehd211 0/1 (Eye and Hand Coordination) Constructive play with boxes or
griehd212 0/1 Builds tower of 3 bricks
griehd213 0/1 Can throw a ball
griehd214 0/1 (Eye and hand) Can throw a ball
griehd215 0/1 Tower of 4+ bricks
griehd216 0/1 Enjoys vigourous scribble
griehd217 0/1 Can pour water from one cup to another
griehd218 0/1 Tower of 5+ bricks
griehd219 0/1 (Eye and Hand Co-ordination) Circular scribble in imitation
griehd220 0/1 Makes train of 3+ bricks
griehd221 0/1 (Credit as 2 items)
griehd222 0/1 Makes a brick or toy walk
griehd223 0/1 (Eye and Hand Co-ordination) Tower of 6 or 7 bricks.
griehd224 0/1 (Eye and Hand Co-ordination) Draws a perpendicular stroke or
griehd301 0/1 (Eye and Hand Co-ordination) Draws a horizontal stroke in im
griehd302 0/1 Threads 6 beads
griehd303 0/1 (Eye and Hand Co-ordination) Builds a tower of 8+ bricks.
griehd304 0/1 Handles scissors - tries to cut paper (4 inch square)
griehd305 0/1 Copies a circle - primitive model. Stage I.
griehd306 0/1 (Eye and Hand Co-ordination) Copies a cross -recognisable. S
griehd401 0/1 Folds a four-inch square of paper once (i.e. in half)
griehd402 0/1 Threads 12+ beads (not by pattern)
griehd403 0/1 (Eye and Hand Co-ordination) Can cut square into two fairly
griehd404 0/1 Folds a four-inch square twice
griehd405 0/1 Copies a 'ladder'. Stage I.
griehd406 0/1 Draws a 'man' recognisable. Stage I.
griehd501 0/1 Copies a cross - good shape and well drawn. Stage II
griehd502 0/1 Copies circle - good shape - neatly closed. Stage II
griehd503 0/1 (Eye and Hand Co-ordination) Draws a square - recognizable.
griehd504 0/1 Window - recognizable. Stage I
griehd506 0/1 (Eye and Hand c-ordination) Scissors: can strip edge of pape
griehd602 0/1 Triangle - fairly good (Stage A)
grigmd011 0/1 Crawling Reaction I: Draws up knee
grigmd012 0/1 (Locomotor) Sits with slight support.
grigmd013 0/1 (Locomotor) Can roll from back to stomach, etc.
grigmd014 0/1 Crawling Reaction II: Tries vigorously to crawl
grigmd015 0/1 (Locomotor) Sits alone for a short time
grigmd016 0/1 (Locomotor) Stepping reaction - one foot in front of the oth
grigmd017 0/1 (Locomotor) Can be left sitting on the floor.
grigmd018 0/1 Stands when held up
grigmd019 0/1 Crawling Reaction III: Makes some progress forwards or backw
grigmd020 0/1 Sits well in a chair
grigmd021 0/1 (Locomotor) Pulls self up and stands holding on to furniture
grigmd022 0/1 (Locomotor) Crawling Reaction IV: Creeps on hands and knees
grigmd023 0/1 (Locomotor) Side-steps around inside cot or play-pen holding
grigmd024 0/1 (Locomotor) Can walk when led.
grigmd201 0/1 Climbs on a low ledge or step
grigmd202 0/1 (Locomotor) Stands alone
grigmd203 0/1 (Locomotor) Takes a few steps alone
grigmd204 0/1 Kneels on floor or chair
grigmd205 0/1 Climbs - stairs (up)
grigmd206 0/1 Likes pushing pram, toy horse, etc.
grigmd207 0/1 (Locomotor) Walks alone well
grigmd208 0/1 (Locomotor) Stoops.
grigmd209 0/1 Develops a quick trot
grigmd210 0/1 Climbs into a low armchair
grigmd211 0/1 (Locomotor) Can walk backwards a few steps
grigmd212 0/1 Walks pulling toy on a string
grigmd213 0/1 Climbs stairs (up and down)
grigmd214 0/1 (Locomotor) Runs
grigmd215 0/1 Jumps (on the level floor)
grigmd216 0/1 Climbs to stand on a chair
grigmd217 0/1 (Locomotor) Walks upstairs- holding adult's hand
grigmd218 0/1 Can seat self at table
grigmd219 0/1 (Locomotor) Walks up and down stairs.
grigmd220 0/1 (Locomotor) Can kick a ball.
grigmd221 0/1 (Locomotor) Can jump off a step
grigmd222 0/1 (Locomotor) Goes alone on the stairs (any method)
grigmd223 0/1 Throws ball into basket
grigmd224 0/1 Can bring chair and seat self at table
grigmd301 0/1 Jumps off one step- both feet together
grigmd302 0/1 (Locomotor) Can stand on one foot - for 6+ seconds
grigmd303 0/1 Rises from kneeling without using hands
grigmd304 0/1 Can cross both feet and knees when seated
grigmd305 0/1 (Locomotor) Can stand and walk tip-toe (6+ steps)
grigmd306 0/1 (Locomotor) Walks upstairs: one foot on each step, adult man
grigmd401 0/1 Can run fast (indoors)
grigmd402 0/1 Can ride a tricycle or other pedal toy
grigmd403 0/1 Marches in time to music
grigmd404 0/1 Walks a chalkline - 4 ft
grigmd405 0/1 (Locomotor) Can hop on one foot - 3+ steps
grigmd406 0/1 Jumps off 2 steps
grigmd501 0/1 Can run to kick ball
grigmd502 0/1 (Locomotor) Walks downstairs: one foot on each step, adult m
grigmd503 0/1 Touches toes with knees straight
grigmd504 0/1 Jumps a 6 in. high rope - both feet together
grigmd505 0/1 Can climb on and off a box unaided
grigmd506 0/1 Can run upstairs
grigmd601 0/1 Can bounce and catch a ball
grigmd602 0/1 Can run fast out of doors
grigmd603 0/1 Can throw a ball up about 2 ft. and catch it
grigmd604 0/1 Can hopskip 4+
grigmd605 0/1 Can jump off 3 steps
grigmd606 0/1 Hopscotch I (one successful hop)
grigmd701 0/1 Jumos a 10 in. high rope, both feet together
grigmd702 0/1 Hopskips more freely: 12 +
grigmd703 0/1 Hopscotch II (2 successful hops - second foot up)
grigmd704 0/1 Can run, with steady trot, all round playground
grigmd706 0/1 Hopscotch III (3 hops - with second foot up)
grigmd801 0/1 Runs - downstairs
grigmd802 0/1 Can jump off 4+ stairs
grigmd803 0/1 Rides a bicycle (2-wheeler) short distance
grigmd807 0/1 Hopskips some distance - out-of-doors
grihsd007 0/1 Searches for sound with head movements
grihsd008 0/1 Listens to tuning fork
grihsd009 0/1 (Hearing and Speech)Turns head deliberately to bell
grihsd010 0/1 Coos or stops crying on hearing music
grihsd011 0/1 Talks (babbles) to person
grihsd012 0/1 Makes 4+ different sounds.
grihsd013 0/1 Responds when called
grihsd014 0/1 2 syllable babble
grihsd015 0/1 Listens to conversations
grihsd016 0/1 (Hearing and Speech) Babbled phrases: 4 + syllables
grihsd017 0/1 (Hearing and Speech) Says Mama or Dada, etc. (one word clear
grihsd018 0/1 Listens to stop watch
grihsd019 0/1 (Hearing and Speech) Rings the bell
grihsd020 0/1 Shakes head for no
grihsd021 0/1 says 2 clear words
grihsd022 0/1 Short babbled sentences of 6+ syllables
grihsd023 0/1 Babbled monologue when alone
grihsd024 0/1 Says three clear words
grihsd201 0/1 Looks at pictures for a sew seconds
grihsd202 0/1 Tries definitely to sing
grihsd203 0/1 (Hearing and Speech)Knows own name.
grihsd204 0/1 Likes rhymes and jingles
grihsd205 0/1 (Hearing and Speech) Looks at pictures with interest
grihsd206 0/1 Uses 4 clear words
grihsd207 0/1 (Hearing and Speech) One object in box identified
grihsd208 0/1 Uses 5 clear words
grihsd209 0/1 Long babbled sentences - some words clear
grihsd210 0/1 Enjoys pictre book
grihsd211 0/1 Uses 6 or 7 clear words
grihsd212 0/1 Two objects in box identified
grihsd213 0/1 9+ clear words
grihsd214 0/1 (Hearing and Speech) Four objects in box identified
grihsd215 0/1 (Hearing and Speech) Picture vocabulary (1)
grihsd216 0/1 Uses 12+ clear words
grihsd217 0/1 Uses word combinations
grihsd218 0/1 Picture vocabulary (2)
grihsd219 0/1 Uses 20+ clear words
grihsd220 0/1 Eight objects in box identified
grihsd221 0/1 Listens to stories
grihsd222 0/1 (Hearing and Speech) Names 4 objects in box
grihsd223 0/1 (Hearing and Speech) Picture vocabulary (4)
grihsd224 0/1 (Hearing and Speech) Uses sentences of 4+ syllables
grihsd301 0/1 Names 12 of 18 objects in box
grihsd302 0/1 Picture vocabulary (12)
grihsd303 0/1 Defines by use (2+) - cup, knife, chair, coat, car, house, p
grihsd304 0/1 Repeats one six-syllable sentence
grihsd305 0/1 Uses 2 descriptive words
grihsd306 0/1 Talks well in sentences of 6+ syllables (record).
grihsd401 0/1 Names six or more objects in large picture
grihsd402 0/1 Names 17-18 objects in box
grihsd403 0/1 Uses 2+ personal pronouns
grihsd404 0/1 (Hearing and Speech) Comprehension 2+ items
grihsd405 0/1 Picture vocabulary (18+)
grihsd406 0/1 (Hearing and Speech) Knows 6+ colours
grihsd501 0/1 (Hearing and Speech) Defines by use: 6+.
grihsd502 0/1 Opposites - 2
grihsd503 0/1 Materials (2+) "What is a table made of? .... a window? ....
grihsd504 0/1 Repeats sentences of 10+ syllables
grihsd505 0/1 (Hearing and Speech) Picture description: 1+ sentences.
grihsd506 0/1 Names 12 objects in large picture
grihsd601 0/1 Talks in sentences of 10 + syllables (record)
grihsd602 0/1 Comprehension 4 +
grihsd603 0/1 Uses 6+ descriptive words
grihsd604 0/1 Knows 10+ capital letters (Test)
grihsd605 0/1 Uses 6 + personal pronouns
grihsd701 0/1 Repeats sentence of 16 syllables
grihsd702 0/1 Picture Description - (3+), three sentences describing a pic
grihsd704 0/1 Similarities - one
grihsd705 0/1 Differences - two.
grihsd706 0/1 Capital letter - knows all 26
grihsd801 0/1 Picture description - (4+), four sentences describing pictur
grihsd802 0/1 Similarities - two
grired301 0/1 Repeats one digit - 8;2;7
grired302 0/1 Knows 'dollar' or money
grired303 0/1 Repeats two digits 16;53;94
grired304 0/1 Compares 2 insets for size "which one is bigger?"
grired305 0/1 Repeats 3 digits 982; 475; 136
grired306 0/1 practical reasoning (PR) knows big and little
grired401 0/1 Compares 2 towers: 'Which one is higher?' (5;3 bricks)
grired402 0/1 Compares 2 lines for length
grired403 0/1 Preliminary counting to 4+
grired404 0/1 PR counts 4 bricks correctly
grired405 0/1 Repeats 4 digits - 5816; 3729; 4952
grired406 0/1 PR compares 2 weights: which is heavier
grired501 0/1 Knows 2 coins (of 7 shown) N = .....
grired502 0/1 Can count 10 bricks
grired503 0/1 Knows morning and afternoon
grired504 0/1 Knows 3 coins (of 7 shown)
grired505 0/1 'Which goes faster?' 3+
grired506 0/1 Can count 15 bricks
grired601 0/1 Knows No. of fingers on each hand
grired602 0/1 Knows 4 coins
grired603 0/1 Knows 5 coins
grired604 0/1 Repeats 5 digits - 61384; 59271; 92786


The combination of subjid and agedays identifies each unique visit (row).

Instruments: Griffiths Scales (gri)


Grantham-McGregor SM, Powell CA, Walker SP, Himes JH. Nutritional supplementation, psychosocial stimulation, and mental development of stunted children: the Jamaican Study. The Lancet. 1991;338:1-5. doi: 10.1016/0140-6736(91)90001-6

[Package childdevdata version 1.1.0 Index]