diagonal {calculus} R Documentation

## Tensor Diagonals

### Description

Functions to extract or replace the diagonals of an array, or construct a diagonal array.

### Usage

diagonal(x = 1, dim = rep(2, 2))

diagonal(x) <- value


### Arguments

 x an array from which to extract the diagonals, or a vector giving the diagonal values to construct the array. dim the dimensions of the (square) array to construct when x is a vector. value vector giving the values of the diagonal entries.

### Value

Vector of the diagonal entries of x if x is an array. If x is a vector, returns the diagonal array with the entries given by x.

### Functions

• diagonal(x) <- value: set diagonals.

### References

Guidotti E (2022). "calculus: High-Dimensional Numerical and Symbolic Calculus in R." Journal of Statistical Software, 104(5), 1-37. doi:10.18637/jss.v104.i05

Other tensor algebra: contraction(), delta(), einstein(), epsilon(), index()

### Examples

### 3x3 matrix
diagonal(x = 1, dim = c(3,3))

### 2x2x2 array
diagonal(x = 1:2, dim = c(2,2,2))

### extract diagonals
x <- diagonal(1:5, dim = c(5,5,5))
diagonal(x)

### set diagonals
x <- array(0, dim = c(2,2,2))
diagonal(x) <- 1:2
x



[Package calculus version 1.0.1 Index]