bf {bridgesampling} R Documentation

Bayes Factor(s) from Marginal Likelihoods

Description

Generic function that computes Bayes factor(s) from marginal likelihoods. bayes_factor() is simply an (S3 generic) alias for bf().

Usage

bf(x1, x2, log = FALSE, ...)

bayes_factor(x1, x2, log = FALSE, ...)

## Default S3 method:
bayes_factor(x1, x2, log = FALSE, ...)

## S3 method for class 'bridge'
bf(x1, x2, log = FALSE, ...)

## S3 method for class 'bridge_list'
bf(x1, x2, log = FALSE, ...)

## Default S3 method:
bf(x1, x2, log = FALSE, ...)

Arguments

 x1 Object of class "bridge" or "bridge_list" as returned from bridge_sampler. Additionally, the default method assumes that x1 is a single numeric log marginal likelihood (e.g., from logml) and will throw an error otherwise. x2 Object of class "bridge" or "bridge_list" as returned from bridge_sampler. Additionally, the default method assumes that x2 is a single numeric log marginal likelihood (e.g., from logml) and will throw an error otherwise. log Boolean. If TRUE, the function returns the log of the Bayes factor. Default is FALSE. ... currently not used here, but can be used by other methods.

Details

Computes the Bayes factor (Kass & Raftery, 1995) in favor of the model associated with x1 over the model associated with x2.

Value

For the default method returns a list of class "bf_default" with components:

• bf: (scalar) value of the Bayes factor in favor of the model associated with x1 over the model associated with x2.

• log: Boolean which indicates whether bf corresponds to the log Bayes factor.

For the method for "bridge" objects returns a list of class "bf_bridge" with components:

• bf: (scalar) value of the Bayes factor in favor of the model associated with x1 over the model associated with x2.

• log: Boolean which indicates whether bf corresponds to the log Bayes factor.

For the method for "bridge_list" objects returns a list of class "bf_bridge_list" with components:

• bf: a numeric vector consisting of Bayes factors where each element gives the Bayes factor for one set of logmls in favor of the model associated with x1 over the model associated with x2. The length of this vector is given by the "bridge_list" element with the most repetitions. Elements with fewer repetitions will be recycled (with warning).

• bf_median_based: (scalar) value of the Bayes factor in favor of the model associated with x1 over the model associated with x2 that is based on the median values of the logml estimates.

• log: Boolean which indicates whether bf corresponds to the log Bayes factor.

Note

For examples, see bridge_sampler and the accompanying vignettes:
vignette("bridgesampling_example_jags")
vignette("bridgesampling_example_stan")

Author(s)

Quentin F. Gronau

References

Kass, R. E., & Raftery, A. E. (1995). Bayes factors. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 90(430), 773-795. doi: 10.1080/01621459.1995.10476572

[Package bridgesampling version 1.1-2 Index]