bitFlip {bitops} R Documentation

Binary Flip (Not) Operator

Description

The binary flip (‘not’, R's !) operator, bitFlip(a, w), “flips every bit” of a up to the w-th bit.

Usage

bitFlip(a, bitWidth = 32)


Arguments

 a numeric vector. bitWidth scalar integer between 0 and 32.

Value

(“binary”) numeric vector of the same length as a masked with (2^bitWidth)-1. NA is returned for any value of a that is not finite or whose magnitude is greater or equal to 2^{32}.

Note

bitFlip(a, w) is an “involution”, i.e. it is its own inverse – when a is in \{0, 1, .., 2^{32}-1\}. Notably, negative values a are equivalent to their values in the above range, see also bitUnique() in the ‘Examples’.

Author(s)

Steve Dutky

bitShiftL, bitXor, etc.

Examples

bitFlip(0:5)
##
bitUnique <- function(x) bitFlip(bitFlip(x)) # "identity" when x in  0:(2^32-1)
bitUnique(  0:16 ) # identical (well, double precision)
bitUnique(-(1:16)) # 4294967295 ...
stopifnot(
identical(bitUnique(-(1:16)), 2^32 -(1:16)),
bitFlip(-1) == 0,
bitFlip(0 ) == 2^32 - 1,
bitFlip(0, bitWidth=8) == 255
)


[Package bitops version 1.0-8 Index]