testswapran.asrtests {asremlPlus}R Documentation

Tests, using a REMLRT, the significance of the difference between the current random model and one in which oldterms are dropped and newterms are added. The result is recorded in an asrtests.object.

Description

Fits a new random model using asreml by removing oldterms and adding newterms. If simpler = FALSE the model to be fitted must be more complex than the one whose fit has been stored in asrtests.obj. That is, the new model must have more parameters. However, if simpler = TRUE the model to be fitted must be simpler than the one whose fit has been stored in asrtests.obj in that it must have fewer parameters. The test is a REML ratio test that is performed using REMLRT.asreml, which is only valid if the models are nested. It compares the newly fitted model with the fit of the model in asrtest.obj. A row is added to the test.summary data.frame using the supplied label. If the newly fitted model is retained, any boundary terms are then removed using rmboundary.asrtests.

Usage

## S3 method for class 'asrtests'
testswapran(asrtests.obj, oldterms = NULL, newterms = NULL, 
            label = "Swap in random model", simpler = FALSE, 
            alpha = 0.05, allow.unconverged = TRUE, checkboundaryonly = FALSE, 
            positive.zero = FALSE, bound.test.parameters = "none", 
            bound.exclusions = c("F","B","S","C"), REMLDF = NULL, 
            denDF="numeric", IClikelihood = "none", 
            trace = FALSE, update = TRUE, 
            set.terms = NULL, ignore.suffices = TRUE, 
            bounds = "P", initial.values = NA, ...)

Arguments

asrtests.obj

an asrtests.object for a fitted model that is a list containing the componets (i) asreml.obj, (ii) wald.tab (iii) test.summary.

oldterms

Terms, stored as a character, that are to be removed from the random model using asreml. The names of the terms must match those in the vparameters component of the asreml.obj component in the asrtests.object.

newterms

Terms, stored as a character, that are to be added to the random model using asreml.

simpler

A logical indicating whether the new model to be fitted. after the changes made as a result of swapping oldterms for newterms, is simpler than the already fitted model whose fit is stored in asrtests.obj.

alpha

The significance level for the test.

allow.unconverged

A logical indicating whether to accept a new model even when it does not converge. If FALSE and the fit of the new model does not converge, the supplied asreml object is returned. Also, if FALSE and the fit of the new model has converged, but that of the old model has not, the new model will be accepted.

checkboundaryonly

If TRUE then boundary and singular terms are not removed by rmboundary.asrtests; a warning is issued instead.

label

A character string to use as the label in test.summary and which indicates what is being tested.

positive.zero

Indicates whether the hypothesized values for the variance components being tested are on the boundary of the parameter space. For example, this is true for positively-constrained variance components that, under the reduced model, are zero. This argument does not need to be set if bound.test.parameters is set.

bound.test.parameters

Indicates whether for the variance components being tested, at least some of the hypothesized values are on the boundary of the parameter space. The possibilities are "none", "onlybound" and "one-and-one". The default is "none", although if it is set to "none" and positive.zero is TRUE then bound.test.parameters is taken to be "onlybound". When bound.test.parameters is set to "one-and-one", it signifies that there are two parameters being tested, one of which is bound and the other is not. For example, the latter is true for testing a covariance and a positively-constrained variance component that, under the reduced model, are zero.

bound.exclusions

A character specifying one or more bound (constraint) codes that will result in a variance parameter being excluded from the count of estimated variance parameters in using REMLRT.asreml. If set to NULL then none will be excluded.

REMLDF

A numeric giving the difference in the number of variance parameters whose estimates are not of the type specified in bound.exclusions for two models being compared in a REML ratio test using REMLRT.asreml. If NULL then this is determined from the information in the asreml object for the two models.

denDF

Specifies the method to use in computing approximate denominator degrees of freedom when wald.asreml is called. Can be none to suppress the computations, numeric for numerical methods, algebraic for algebraic methods or default, the default, to autommatically choose numeric or algebraic computations depending on problem size. The denominator degrees of freedom are calculated according to Kenward and Roger (1997) for fixed terms in the dense part of the model.

IClikelihood

A character that controls both the occurence and the type of likelihood for information criterion in the test.summary of the asrtests.object. If none, none are included. Otherwise, if REML, then the AIC and BIC based on the Restricted Maximum Likelihood are included; if full, then the AIC and BIC based on the full likelihood are included. (See also infoCriteria.asreml.)

trace

If TRUE then partial iteration details are displayed when ASReml-R functions are invoked; if FALSE then no output is displayed.

update

If TRUE then update.asreml is called to change the model. In doing this the arguments R.param and G.param are set to those in the asreml object stored in asrtests.obj so that the values from the previous model are used as starting values. If FALSE then a call is made to asreml in which the only changes from the previous call are that (i) models are modifed for the supplied oldterms and newterms, and (ii) modifications specified via ... are made.

set.terms

A character vector specifying the terms that are to have bounds and/or initial values set prior to fitting. The names must match those in the vparameters component of the asreml.obj component in the asrtests.object.

ignore.suffices

A logical vector specifying whether the suffices of the asreml-assigned names of the variance terms (i.e. the information to the right of an "!", other than "R!") is to be ignored in matching elements of terms. If TRUE for an element of terms, the suffices are stripped from the asreml-assigned names. If FALSE for an element of terms, the element must exactly match an asreml-assigned name for a variance term. This vector must be of length one or the same length as terms. If it is of length one then the same action is applied to the asreml-assigned suffices for all the terms in terms.

bounds

A character vector specifying the bounds to be applied to the terms specified in set.terms. This vector must be of length one or the same length as set.terms. If it is of length one then the same constraint is applied to all the terms in set.terms. If any of the bounds are equal to NA then they are left unchanged for those terms.

initial.values

A character vector specifying the initial values for the terms specified in terms. This vector must be of length one or the same length as terms. If it is of length one then the same initial value is applied to all the terms in terms. If any of the initial.values are equal to NA then they are left unchanged for those terms.

...

Further arguments passed to asreml, wald.asreml and as.asrtests.

Value

An asrtests.object for a fitted model that is a list containing the componets (i) asreml.obj, (ii) wald.tab (iii) test.summary. If the term is not in the model, then the supplied asreml object will be returned. Also, reml.test will have the likelihood ratio and the p-value set to NA and the degrees of freedom to zero. Similarly, the row of test.summary for the term will have its name, a p-value set to NA, and action set to Absent.

Author(s)

Chris Brien

References

Kenward, M. G., & Roger, J. H. (1997). Small sample inference for fixed effects from restricted maximum likelihood. Biometrics, 53, 983-997.

See Also

as.asrtests, chooseModel.asrtests, REMLRT.asreml, rmboundary.asrtests,
newfit.asreml, testresidual.asrtests, changeModelOnIC.asrtests,
changeTerms.asrtests, reparamSigDevn.asrtests

Examples

## Not run: 
current.asrt <- testswapran(current.asrt, oldterms = "str(~ Cart/xDays, ~us(2):id(184))",
                            newterms = "Cart/xDays", pos = FALSE, 
                            label = "Intercept/Slope correlation", 
                            simpler = TRUE)
  print(current.asrt)

## End(Not run)

[Package asremlPlus version 4.2-32 Index]