anscombe {asbio} | R Documentation |

## Anscombe's quartet

### Description

A set of four bivariate datasets with the same conditional means, conditional variances, linear regressions, and correlations, but with dramatically different forms of association.

### Usage

`data(anscombe)`

### Format

A data frame with 11 observations on the following 8 variables.

`x1`

The first conditional variable in the first bivariate dataset.

`y1`

The second conditional variable in the first bivariate dataset.

`x2`

The first conditional variable in the second bivariate dataset.

`y2`

The second conditional variable in the second bivariate dataset.

`x3`

The first conditional variable in the third bivariate dataset.

`y3`

The second conditional variable in the third bivariate dataset.

`x4`

The first conditional variable in the fourth bivariate dataset.

`y4`

The second conditional variable in the fourth bivariate dataset.

### Details

Anscombe (1973) used these datasets to demonstrate that summary statistics are inadequate for describing association.

### Source

Anscombe, F. J. (1973) Graphs in statistical analysis. *American Statistician* 27 (1): 17-21.

### References

Anscombe, F. J. (1973) Graphs in statistical analysis. *American Statistician* 27 (1): 17-21.

### Examples

```
# dev.new(height=3.5)
op <- par(mfrow=c(1,4),mar=c (0,0,2,3), oma = c(5, 4.2, 0, 0))
with(anscombe, plot(x1, y1, xlab = "", ylab = "", main = bquote(paste(italic(r),
" = ",.(round(cor(x1, y1),2)))))); abline(3,0.5)
with(anscombe, plot(x2, y2, xlab = "", ylab = "",, main = bquote(paste(italic(r),
" = ",.(round(cor(x2, y2),2)))))); abline(3,0.5)
with(anscombe, plot(x3, y3, xlab = "", ylab = "",, main = bquote(paste(italic(r),
" = ",.(round(cor(x3, y3),2)))))); abline(3,0.5)
with(anscombe, plot(x4, y4, xlab = "", ylab = "",, main = bquote(paste(italic(r),
" = ",.(round(cor(x4, y4),2)))))); abline(3,0.5)
mtext(expression(italic(y[1])),side=1, outer = TRUE, line = 3)
mtext(expression(italic(y[2])),side=2, outer = TRUE, line = 2.6)
mtext("(a)",side=3, at = -42, line = .5)
mtext("(b)",side=3, at = -26, line = .5)
mtext("(c)",side=3, at = -10.3, line = .5)
mtext("(d)",side=3, at = 5.5, line = .5)
par(op)
```

*asbio*version 1.9-7 Index]