ConDis.matrix {asbio} R Documentation

## Calculation and display of concordant and discordant pairs

### Description

Calculates whether pairs of observations from two vectors are concordant discordant or neither. These are displayed in the lower diagonal of a symmetric output matrix as 1, -1 or 0.

### Usage


ConDis.matrix(Y1, Y2)


### Arguments

 Y1 A vector of quantitative data. Y2 A vector of quantitative data. Observations are assumed to be paired with respective observations from Y1.

### Details

Consider all possible combinations of (Y_{1i}, Y_{ij}) and (Y_{2i}, Y_{ij}) where 1<=i<j<=n. A pair is concordant if Y_{1i} > Y_{1j} and Y_{2i} > Y_{2j} or if Y_{1i} < Y_{1j} and Y_{2i} < Y_{2j}. Conversely, a pair is discordant if Y_{1i} < Y_{1j} and Y_{2i} > Y_{2j} or if Y_{1i} > Y_{1j} and Y_2i < Y_2j. This information has a number of important uses including calculation of Kendall's \tau.

### Value

A matrix is returned. Elements in the lower triangle indicate whether observations are concordant (element = 1), discordant (element = -1) or neither (element = 0).

Ken Aho

### References

Hollander, M., and Wolfe, D. A. (1999) Nonparametric statistical methods. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Liebetrau, A. M. (1983) Measures of association. Sage Publications, Newbury Park, CA.

Sokal, R. R., and Rohlf, F. J. (1995) Biometry. W. H. Freeman and Co., New York.

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### Examples

#Crab data from Sokal and Rohlf (1998)
crab<-data.frame(gill.wt=c(159,179,100,45,384,230,100,320,80,220,320,210),
body.wt=c(14.4,15.2,11.3,2.5,22.7,14.9,1.41,15.81,4.19,15.39,17.25,9.52))
attach(crab)
crabm<-ConDis.matrix(gill.wt,body.wt)
crabm


[Package asbio version 1.9-7 Index]