RecordBatch {arrow} R Documentation

RecordBatch class

Description

A record batch is a collection of equal-length arrays matching a particular Schema. It is a table-like data structure that is semantically a sequence of fields, each a contiguous Arrow Array.

Usage

record_batch(..., schema = NULL)

Arguments

 ... A data.frame or a named set of Arrays or vectors. If given a mixture of data.frames and vectors, the inputs will be autospliced together (see examples). Alternatively, you can provide a single Arrow IPC InputStream, Message, Buffer, or R raw object containing a Buffer. schema a Schema, or NULL (the default) to infer the schema from the data in .... When providing an Arrow IPC buffer, schema is required.

S3 Methods and Usage

Record batches are data-frame-like, and many methods you expect to work on a data.frame are implemented for RecordBatch. This includes [, [[, $, names, dim, nrow, ncol, head, and tail. You can also pull the data from an Arrow record batch into R with as.data.frame(). See the examples. A caveat about the$ method: because RecordBatch is an R6 object, $is also used to access the object's methods (see below). Methods take precedence over the table's columns. So, batch$Slice would return the "Slice" method function even if there were a column in the table called "Slice".

R6 Methods

In addition to the more R-friendly S3 methods, a RecordBatch object has the following R6 methods that map onto the underlying C++ methods:

• ⁠$Equals(other)⁠: Returns TRUE if the other record batch is equal • ⁠$column(i)⁠: Extract an Array by integer position from the batch

• ⁠$column_name(i)⁠: Get a column's name by integer position • ⁠$names()⁠: Get all column names (called by names(batch))

• ⁠$nbytes()⁠: Total number of bytes consumed by the elements of the record batch • ⁠$RenameColumns(value)⁠: Set all column names (called by names(batch) <- value)

• ⁠$GetColumnByName(name)⁠: Extract an Array by string name • ⁠$RemoveColumn(i)⁠: Drops a column from the batch by integer position

• ⁠$SelectColumns(indices)⁠: Return a new record batch with a selection of columns, expressed as 0-based integers. • ⁠$Slice(offset, length = NULL)⁠: Create a zero-copy view starting at the indicated integer offset and going for the given length, or to the end of the table if NULL, the default.

• ⁠$Take(i)⁠: return an RecordBatch with rows at positions given by integers (R vector or Array Array) i. • ⁠$Filter(i, keep_na = TRUE)⁠: return an RecordBatch with rows at positions where logical vector (or Arrow boolean Array) i is TRUE.

• ⁠$SortIndices(names, descending = FALSE)⁠: return an Array of integer row positions that can be used to rearrange the RecordBatch in ascending or descending order by the first named column, breaking ties with further named columns. descending can be a logical vector of length one or of the same length as names. • ⁠$serialize()⁠: Returns a raw vector suitable for interprocess communication

• ⁠$cast(target_schema, safe = TRUE, options = cast_options(safe))⁠: Alter the schema of the record batch. There are also some active bindings • ⁠$num_columns⁠

• ⁠$num_rows⁠ • ⁠$schema⁠

• ⁠$metadata⁠: Returns the key-value metadata of the Schema as a named list. Modify or replace by assigning in (batch$metadata <- new_metadata). All list elements are coerced to string. See schema() for more information.

• ⁠$columns⁠: Returns a list of Arrays Examples batch <- record_batch(name = rownames(mtcars), mtcars) dim(batch) dim(head(batch)) names(batch) batch$mpg
batch[["cyl"]]
as.data.frame(batch[4:8, c("gear", "hp", "wt")])

[Package arrow version 9.0.0 Index]