texcl_to_ssc {aqp}R Documentation

Textural conversions

Description

These functions consist of several conversions between sand, silt and clay to texture class and visa versa, textural modifiers to rock fragments, and grain size composition to the family particle size class.

Usage

texcl_to_ssc(texcl = NULL, clay = NULL, sample = FALSE)

ssc_to_texcl(sand = NULL, clay = NULL, as.is = FALSE, droplevels = TRUE)

texmod_to_fragvoltot(texmod = NULL, lieutex = NULL)

texture_to_taxpartsize(
  texcl = NULL,
  clay = NULL,
  sand = NULL,
  fragvoltot = NULL
)

texture_to_texmod(texture, duplicates = "combine")

fragvol_to_texmod(
  object = NULL,
  gravel = NULL,
  cobbles = NULL,
  stones = NULL,
  boulders = NULL,
  channers = NULL,
  flagstones = NULL,
  paragravel = NULL,
  paracobbles = NULL,
  parastones = NULL,
  paraboulders = NULL,
  parachanners = NULL,
  paraflagstones = NULL,
  as.is = TRUE,
  droplevels = TRUE
)

Arguments

texcl

vector of texture classes than conform to the USDA code conventions (e.g. c|C, sil|SIL, sl|SL, cos|COS)

clay

vector of clay percentages

sample

logical: should ssc be random sampled from the lookup table? (default: FALSE)

sand

vector of sand percentages

as.is

logical: should character vectors be converted to factors? (default: TRUE)

droplevels

logical: indicating whether to drop unused levels in factors. This is useful when the results have a large number of unused classes, which can waste space in tables and figures.

texmod

vector of textural modifiers that conform to the USDA code conventions (e.g. gr|GR, grv|GRV)

lieutex

vector of in lieu of texture terms that conform to the USDA code conventions (e.g. gr|GR, pg|PG), only used when fragments or artifacts are > 90 percent by volume (default: NULL))

fragvoltot

vector of total rock fragment percentages

texture

vector of combinations of texcl, texmod, and lieutex (e.g. CL, GR-CL, CBV-S, GR)

duplicates

character: specifying how multiple values should be handled, options are "combined" (e.g. 'GR & GRV) or "max"(e.g. 'GRV')

object

data.frame: containing the following column names: gravel, cobbles, stones, boulders, channers, flagstones, paragravel, paracobbles, parastones, paraboulders, parachanners, paraflagstones

gravel

numeric: gravel volume %

cobbles

numeric: cobble volume %

stones

numeric: stone volume %

boulders

numeric: boulder volume %

channers

numeric: channer volume %

flagstones

numeric: flagstone volume %

paragravel

numeric: para gravel volume %

paracobbles

numeric: para cobble volume %

parastones

numeric: para stone volume %

paraboulders

numeric: para boulder volume %

parachanners

numeric: para channer volume %

paraflagstones

numeric: para flagstone volume %

Details

These functions are intended to estimate missing values or allocate particle size fractions to classes. The ssc_to_texcl() function uses the same logic as the particle size estimator calculation in NASIS to classify sand and clay into texture class. The results are stored in soiltexture and used by texcl_to_ssc() as a lookup table to convert texture class to sand, silt and clay. The function texcl_to_ssc() replicates the functionality described by Levi (2017). The texmod_to_fragvol() function similarly uses the logical from the Exhibit618-11_texture_modifier.xls spreadsheet to determine the textural modifier from the various combinations of rock and pararock fragments (e.g. GR and PGR).

When sample = TRUE, the results can be used to estimate within-class, marginal distributions of sand, silt, and clay fractions. It is recommended that at least 10 samples be drawn for reasonable estimates.

The function texmod_to_fragvoltot returns a data.frame with multiple fragvoltot columns differentiated by tailing abbreviations (e.g. _r) which refer to the following:

  1. l = low

  2. r = representative

  3. h = high

  4. nopf = no pararock fragments (i.e. total fragments - pararock fragments)

The function texture_to_texmod() parses texture (e.g. GR-CL) to extract the texmod values from it in the scenario where it is missing from texmod column. If multiple texmod values are present (for example in the case of stratified textures) and duplicates = "combine" they will be combined in the output (e.g. GR & CBV). Otherwise if duplicates = "max" the texmod with the highest rock fragment (e.g. CBV) will be returned.

Unlike the other functions, texture_to_taxpartsize() is intended to be computed on weighted averages within the family particle size control section. Also recall from the criteria that carbonate clay should be subtracted from clay content and added to silt content. Similarly, if the percent of very fine sand is known it should be subtracted from the sand, and added to the silt content. Unlike the other functions, texture_to_taxpartsize() is intended to be computed on weighted averages within the family particle size control section. Also recall from the criteria that carbonate clay should be subtracted from clay content and added to silt content. Similarly, if the percent of very fine sand is known it should be subtracted from the sand, and added to the silt content.

Value

Author(s)

Stephen Roecker

References

Matthew R. Levi, Modified Centroid for Estimating Sand, Silt, and Clay from Soil Texture Class, Soil Science Society of America Journal, 2017, 81(3):578-588, ISSN 1435-0661, doi: 10.2136/sssaj2016.09.0301.

Examples


# example of ssc_to_texcl()
tex <- expand.grid(sand = 0:100, clay = 0:100)
tex <- subset(tex, (sand + clay) < 101)
tex$texcl <- ssc_to_texcl(sand = tex$sand, clay = tex$clay)
head(tex)

# example of texcl_to_ssc(texcl)
texcl <- c("cos", "s", "fs", "vfs", "lcos", "ls",
          "lfs", "lvfs", "cosl", "sl", "fsl", "vfsl", "l",
          "sil", "si", "scl", "cl", "sicl", "sc", "sic", "c"
          )
test <- texcl_to_ssc(texcl)
head(test <- cbind(texcl, test), 10)


# example of texcl_to_ssc(texcl, clay)
data(soiltexture)
st <- soiltexture$values
idx <- sample(1:length(st$texcl), 10)
st <- st[idx, ]
ssc <- texcl_to_ssc(texcl = st$texcl)
head(cbind(texcl = st$texcl, clay = ssc$clay))


# example of texmod_to_fragvoltol
frags <- c("gr", "grv", "grx", "pgr", "pgrv", "pgrx")
head(texmod_to_fragvoltot(frags))


# example of texture_to_taxpartsize()
tex <- data.frame(texcl = c("c", "cl", "l", "ls", "s"),
                  clay  = c(55, 33, 18, 6, 3),
                  sand  = c(20, 33, 42, 82, 93),
                  fragvoltot = c(35, 15, 34, 60, 91))
tex$fpsc <- texture_to_taxpartsize(texcl = tex$texcl,
                                   clay = tex$clay,
                                   sand = tex$sand,
                                   fragvoltot = tex$fragvoltot)
head(tex)


# example of texture_to_taxpartsize() with carbonate clay and very fine sand
carbclay <- rnorm(5, 2, 3)
vfs <- rnorm(5, 10, 3)
st$fpsc <- texture_to_taxpartsize(texcl = tex$texcl,
                                  clay = tex$clay - carbclay,
                                  sand = tex$sand - vfs,
                                  fragvoltot = tex$fragvoltot)
head(tex)


# example of sample = TRUE
texcl <- rep(c("cl", "sil", "sl"), 10)
ssc1 <- cbind(texcl, texcl_to_ssc(texcl = texcl, sample = FALSE))
ssc2 <- cbind(texcl, texcl_to_ssc(texcl = texcl, sample = TRUE))
ssc1$sample <- FALSE
ssc2$sample <- TRUE
ssc  <- rbind(ssc1, ssc2)
aggregate(clay ~ sample + texcl, data = ssc, summary)


# example of texture_to_texmod()
tex <- c("SL", "GR-SL", "CBV-L", "SR- GR-FS GRX-COS")
texture_to_texmod(tex)
texture_to_texmod(tex, duplicates = "max")


# example of fragvol_to_texmod()
df <- expand.grid(
  gravel  = seq(0, 100, 5), 
  cobbles = seq(0, 100, 5), 
  stones  = seq(0, 100, 5), 
  boulders = seq(0, 100, 5)
  )
df <- df[rowSums(df) < 100, ]

# data.frame input
test <- fragvol_to_texmod(df)
table(test$texmod)
table(test$lieutex)

# vector inputs
fragvol_to_texmod(gravel = 10, cobbles = 10)



[Package aqp version 1.40 Index]