complement {alphahull} R Documentation

## Complement of the alpha-convex hull

### Description

This function calculates the complement of the α-convex hull of a given sample for α>0.

### Usage

```complement(x, y = NULL, alpha)
```

### Arguments

 `x, y` The `x` and `y` arguments provide the `x` and `y` coordinates of a set of points. Alternatively, a single argument `x` can be provided, see Details. `alpha` Value of α.

### Details

An attempt is made to interpret the arguments x and y in a way suitable for computing the α-shape. Any reasonable way of defining the coordinates is acceptable, see `xy.coords`.

If `y` is NULL and `x` is an object of class `"delvor"`, then the complement of the α-convex hull is computed with no need to invoke again the function `delvor` (it reduces the computational cost).

The complement of the α-convex hull is calculated as a union of open balls and halfplanes that do not contain any point of the sample. See Edelsbrunnner et al. (1983) for a basic description of the algorithm. The construction of the complement is based on the Delaunay triangulation and Voronoi diagram of the sample, provided by the function `delvor`. The function `complement` returns a matrix `compl`. For each row `i`, `compl[i,]` contains the information relative to an open ball or halfplane of the complement. The first three columns are assigned to the characterization of the ball or halfplane `i`. The information relative to the edge of the Delaunay triangulation that generates the ball or halfplane `i` is contained in `compl[i,4:16]`. Thus, if the row `i` refers to an open ball, `compl[i,1:3]` contains the center and radius of the ball. Furthermore, `compl[i,17:18]` and `compl[i,19]` refer to the unitary vector v and the angle θ that characterize the arc that joins the two sample points that define the ball `i`. If the row `i` refers to a halfplane, `compl[i,1:3]` determines its equation. For the halfplane y>a+bx, `compl[i,1:3]=(a,b,-1)`. In the same way, for the halfplane y<a+bx, `compl[i,1:3]=(a,b,-2)`, for the halfplane x>a, `compl[i,1:3]=(a,0,-3)` and for the halfplane x<a, `compl[i,1:3]=(a,0,-4)`.

### Value

 `compl` Output matrix. For each row `i`, `compl[i,]` contains the information relative to an open ball or halfplane of the complement of the α-convex hull, see Details.

### References

Edelsbrunner, H., Kirkpatrick, D.G. and Seidel, R. (1983) On the shape of a set of points in the plane. IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, 29(4), pp.551-559.

`delvor`, `ahull`.

### Examples

```## Not run:
# Random sample in the unit square
x <- matrix(runif(100), nc = 2)
# Value of alpha
alpha <- 0.2
# Complement of the alpha-convex hull
compl <- complement(x, alpha = alpha)

## End(Not run)
```

[Package alphahull version 2.2 Index]