turner.herbicide {agridat}R Documentation

Herbicide control of larkspur

Description

Herbicide control of larkspur

Usage

data("turner.herbicide")

Format

A data frame with 12 observations on the following 4 variables.

rep

rep factor

rate

rate of herbicide

live

number of live plants before application

dead

number of plants killed by herbicide

Details

Effectiveness of the herbicide Picloram on larkspur plants at 4 doses (0, 1.1, 2.2, 4.5) in 3 reps. Experiment was done in 1986 at Manti, Utah.

Source

David L. Turner and Michael H. Ralphs and John O. Evans (1992). Logistic Analysis for Monitoring and Assessing Herbicide Efficacy. Weed Technology, 6, 424-430. https://www.jstor.org/stable/3987312

References

Christopher Bilder, Thomas Loughin. Analysis of Categorical Data with R.

Examples

## Not run: 
  
  library(agridat)
  data(turner.herbicide)
  dat <- turner.herbicide
  
  dat <- transform(dat, prop=dead/live)
  # xyplot(prop~rate,dat, pch=20, main="turner.herbicide", ylab="Proportion killed")

  m1 <- glm(prop~rate, data=dat, weights=live, family=binomial)
  coef(m1) # -3.46, 2.6567  Same as Turner eqn 3
  
  # Make conf int on link scale and back-transform
  p1 <- expand.grid(rate=seq(0,to=5,length=50))
  p1 <- cbind(p1, predict(m1, newdata=p1, type='link', se.fit=TRUE))
  p1 <- transform(p1, lo = plogis(fit - 2*se.fit),
                  fit = plogis(fit),
                  up = plogis(fit + 2*se.fit))
  
  # Figure 2 of Turner
  libs(latticeExtra)
  foo1 <- xyplot(prop~rate,dat, cex=1.5,
                 main="turner.herbicide (model with 2*S.E.)",
                 xlab="Herbicide rate", ylab="Proportion killed")
  foo2 <- xyplot(fit~rate, p1, type='l')
  foo3 <- xyplot(lo+up~rate, p1, type='l', lty=1, col='gray')
  print(foo1 + foo2 + foo3)


  # What dose gives a LD90 percent kill rate?
  # libs(MASS)
  # dose.p(m1, p=.9)
  ##             Dose       SE
  ## p = 0.9: 2.12939 0.128418

  # Alternative method
  # libs(car) # logit(.9) = 2.197225
  # deltaMethod(m1, g="(log(.9/(1-.9))-b0)/(b1)", parameterNames=c('b0','b1'))
  ##                      Estimate       SE
  ## (2.197225 - b0)/(b1)  2.12939 0.128418
  
  # What is a 95 percent conf interval for LD90?  Bilder & Loughin page 138
  root <- function(x, prob=.9, alpha=0.05){
    co <- coef(m1)    # b0,b1
    covs <- vcov(m1)  # b00,b11,b01
    # .95 = b0 + b1*x
    # (b0+b1*x) + Z(alpha/2) * sqrt(b00 + x^2*b11 + 2*x*b01) > .95
    # (b0+b1*x) - Z(alpha/2) * sqrt(b00 + x^2*b11 + 2*x*b01) < .95
    f <- abs(co[1] + co[2]*x - log(prob/(1-prob))) /
      sqrt(covs[1,1] + x^2 * covs[2,2] + 2*x*covs[1,2])
    return( f - qnorm(1-alpha/2))
  }
  lower <- uniroot(f=root, c(0,2.13))
  upper <- uniroot(f=root, c(2.12, 5))
  c(lower$root, upper$root)
  # 1.92 2.45
  

## End(Not run)

[Package agridat version 1.18 Index]