salmon.bunt {agridat}R Documentation

Fungus infection in varieties of wheat

Description

Fungus infection in varieties of wheat

Format

A data frame with 400 observations on the following 4 variables.

bunt

bunt factor, 20 levels

pct

percent infected

rep

rep factor, 2 levels

gen

genotype factor, 10 levels

Details

Note: Salmon (1938) gives results for all 69 types of bunt, not just the 20 shown in the paper.

H. A. Rodenhiser and C. S. Holton (1937) say that races from two different species of bunt were used, Tilletia tritici and T. levis.

This data gives the results with 20 types of bunt (fungus) for winter wheat varieties at Kearneysville, W. Va., in 1935. Altogether there were 69 types of bunt included in the experiment, of which the 20 in this data are representative. Each type of wheat was grown in a short row (5 to 8 feet), the seed of which had been innoculated with the spores of bunt. The entire seeding was then repeated in the same order.

Infection was recorded as a percentage of the total number of heads counted at or near harvest. The number counted was seldom less than 200 and sometimes more than 400 per row.

Source

S.C. Salmon, 1938. Generalized standard errors for evaluating bunt experiments with wheat. Agronomy Journal, 30, 647–663. Table 1. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1938.00021962003000080003x

References

Salmon says the data came from:

H. A. Rodenhiser and C. S. Holton (1937). Physiologic races of Tilletia tritici and T. levis. Journal of Agricultural Research, 55, 483-496. naldc.nal.usda.gov/download/IND43969050/PDF

Examples

## Not run: 
  
library(agridat)
data(salmon.bunt)
dat <- salmon.bunt

d2 <- aggregate(pct~bunt+gen, dat, FUN=mean) # average reps
d2$gen <- reorder(d2$gen, d2$pct)
d2$bunt <- reorder(d2$bunt, d2$pct)
# Some wheat varieties (Hohenheimer) are resistant to all bunts, and some (Hybrid128)
# are susceptible to all bunts.  Note the groups of bunt races that are similar,
# such as the first 4 rows of this plot.  Also note the strong wheat*bunt interaction.
libs(lattice)
redblue <- colorRampPalette(c("firebrick", "lightgray", "#375997"))
levelplot(pct~gen+bunt,d2, col.regions=redblue,
          main="salmon.bunt percent of heads infected",
          xlab="Wheat variety", ylab="bunt line")

  # We don't have individual counts, so use beta regression
  libs(betareg)
  dat$y <- dat$pct/100 + .001 # Beta regression does not allow 0
  dat$gen <- reorder(dat$gen, dat$pct) # For a prettier dot plot
  
  m1 <- betareg(y ~ gen + bunt + gen:bunt, data=dat)
  
  # Construct 95 percent confidence intervals
  p1 <- cbind(dat,
              lo = predict(m1, type='quantile', at=.025),
              est = predict(m1, type='quantile', at=.5),
              up = predict(m1, type='quantile', at=.975))
  p1 <- subset(p1, rep=="R1")
  
  # Plot the model intervals over the original data
  libs(latticeExtra)
  dotplot(bunt~y|gen, data=dat, pch='x', col='red',
          main="Observed data and 95 pct intervals for bunt infection") +
            segplot(bunt~lo+up|gen, data=p1, centers=est, draw.bands=FALSE)


  # To evaluate wheat, we probably want to include bunt as a random effect...


## End(Not run)

[Package agridat version 1.18 Index]